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SPED326 Assignment6

speech disorder refers to difficulty in producing sounds as well as disorders o voice quality or fluency of speech often referred to as stuttering.
language disorder Is difficulty in receiving, understanding, and formulating ideas and information.
Receptive language disorder Is characterized by difficulty in receiving or understanding information.
Expressive language disorder Is characterized by difficulty in formulation ideas and information
Cleft palate or lip Describes a condition in which a person has a split in the upper part of the oral cavity or the upper lip.
Dialect Is a regional variation of a language, as when someone speaks English using terms or pronunciations common inly in that regions.
Speech Is the oral expression of language. the disorder may manifest itself in an imperfect ability to listen, think, speak, read, write, spell or do mathematical calculations.
Language Is structured, shared, rule-governed symbolic system for communication.
Phonology Is the use of sounds to make meaningful syllables and words.
Phonemes Are individual speech sounds and how they are produced, depending on their placement in a syllable or word.
Morphology Is the system that governs the structure of words
Morpheme Is the smallest meaningful unit of speech
Syntax Provides rules for putting together a series of words to form sentences.
Semantics Refers to the meaning of what is expressed.
Pragmatics Refers to the use of communication in context.
Social Interaction Theories Emphasizes that communication skills are learned through social interactions.
Articulation Is speakers production of individual or sequenced sounds.
Intensity (loudness or softness) is based on the perception of the listener and is determined by the air pressure coming from the lungs through the vocal folds.
Substitutions Occur when a person substitutes one sounds for another, as when a child subs /d/ for the voiced /th/ ("doze" for "those")
Omissions occur when a child leaves a phoneme out of a word.
Additions Occurs when students place a vowel between 2 consonants.
Distortions Are modifications of the production of a phoneme in a word.
Pitch Is affected by the tension and size of the vocal folds, the health of the larynx, and the location of the larynx.
Hypernasality Is when air is allowed to pass through the nasal cavity on sounds other than /m/, /n/, and /ng/.
Fluency Is the rate and rhythm of speaking.
Specific language Impairment Describes a language disorder with no identifiable cause in a person with apparently normal development in all other areas.
Organic Disorders Are those caused by an identifiable problem in the neuromuscular mechanism of the person.
Functional Disorders Are those with no identifiable organic or neurological cause.
Congenital Disorder Is a disorder that occurs at or before birth
Acquired Disorder Is a disorder that occurs well after birth.
Bilingual Refers to someone who uses two languages equally well.
Bidialectal Refers to someone who uses two variations of a language.
System for Augmenting Language (SAL) Focuses on augmented input of language.
Duration Is the length of time any speech sound requires.
Resonance Is determined by the way in which the tone coming from the vocal folds is modified by the spaces of the throat, mouth, and nose.
Hyponasality Occurs because air cannot pass through the nose and comes through the mouth instead.
Created by: peachykien15