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AP Elements ofPoetry

AP Elements of Poetry:Literature and composition

Figurative Language language that cannot be taken literally
tone the writers or speakers attitude toward the subject, the reader, of herself/ him self
denotation the dictionary meaning of a word
connotation what a word suggests beyond its meaning
imagery the representation through language of sense experiance
foot the basic unit of a meter, usually consisting of two syllables
stanza a group of metrical lines whose metrical pattern is repeated trough out a poem
substitution replacing the regular foot with a different one
extra syllable an added beginning or ending in a line of poetry
elision the omission of an unaccented syllable at the beginning or end of a line of poetry
scansion the process of defining the metrical form of a poem
blank verse unrhymed iambic pentameter
iambic pentameter a line of poetry consisting of five iambs
iamb a disyllabic foot in which the first syllable is unaccented and the second is accented
trochee a disyllabic foot in which the first syllable is accented and the second is unaccented
phyrrhic a disllabic foot in which both syllables are unaccented
spondee a disyllabic foot in which both syllables are accented
simile a means of comparing that are unalike using words such as like or as than similair to or resembles or seems
metaphor a means of comparing things that are unalike by substituting a figurative term for a literal term
personification giving a object human traits
apostrophe a digression in the form of an address to someone not present, or to a personified object or idea, as “O Death, where is thy sting
metonymy the use of something closely related for the thing actually meant
meter organized rhythme
free verse poetry that has no organized rhythme beyond line breaks
caesura a pause within a line
enjambent when the sense of the line moves with out pause into the next line
end stopping when the end of a line corresponds with a natural speech pause
accent/stress a syllable that is given more prominence than others in pronuciation
rhythme any wavelike recurrence of motion or sound
symbol something that means more than it is
allegory a narrative or description that has a second meaning beneath the surface
paradox an apparent contradiction that is nevertheless somehow true
hyperbole an exaggeration in the service of truth
understatment saying less than what one means
irony meanings that extend beyond their use merely as a figure of speech
sarcasm bitter or cutting speech
satire a literally work holding up human vices and follies to ridicule
allusion a reference to something in history or previous literature
alliteration the repetition of initial consonant sounds
refrain when repetition is done according to a fixed pattern
slant rhyme when words have any kind of sound similarity
end rhyme when rhyming words are at the end of the line
internal rhyme when one or more rhyming words are within the line
feminine rhyme when the rhyme sounds involve two or more syllables
assonance the repetition of vowel sounds
consonance the repetition of the final consonant sounds
rhyme the repetition of the accented vowel sound and any succeeding consonant sounds
masculine rhyme when the ryhme sounds involve only one syllable
Created by: Angel of Spades



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