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Carbohydrates

MLT Carbohydrates

QuestionAnswer
Carbohydrates Organic compounds which contain the elements: carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen
carbon dioxide and water end products of carbohydrate metabolism
glycogen storage form for excess carbohydrates
glycogenesis formation of glycogen
gluconeogenesis formation of glucose from noncarbohydrate sources
glycogenolysis glycogen broken down and converted to glucose
glycolysis breakdown (hydrolysis) of glucose
amylase enzyme found in saliva and pancreas that digests starch
glucose-6-phosphate 'pivot compound' first step in glucose metabolism
insulin pancreas-lowers blood glucose
glucagon pancreas-increases blood glucose
epinephrine adrenal medulla-increases blood glucose
cortisol adrenal cortex-increases blood glucose
HGH anterior pituitary-increases blood glucose
ACTH anterior pituitary-increases blood glucose
T4 thyroid-increases blood glucose
Benedict's test test to screen newborn urines for inborn errors of metabolism
Created by: pambj