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WGU - Poetry

Blank Verse written in unrhymed iambic pentameter; closest to spoken English (most of Shakespeare's plays were mostly in this verse)
Free Verse no prescribed form; characterized by irregularity in length of lines & lack of a regular pattern & rhyme
Lyric most common; a short poem; usually written in 1st person view; expresses an emotion or an idea or describes a scene; does not tell a story & often musical
Haiku Japanese poem written in 3 lines; a total of 17 syllables in entire poem
Cinquain a 5 line poem containing 22 syllables
Elegy focuses on the death of a famous person or a close friend
Ode longer & more complicated; serious & elaborate; full of high praise & noble feeling
Sonnet form of 14 lines of iambic pentameter; traditional subjects are love or faith
Italian Sonnet first 8 lines form an octave; rhyme scheme is usually "abbaabba" or "abbacdde"; in 1st part a poet usually develop the subject & builds tension
English or Shakespearean Sonnet rhyme scheme is less flexible (3 quatrains & a couplet or "abab cdcd efef gg"
Narrative Poetry tells a story
Epics long poems; describes deed of heroes in battle or conflicts between human beings & natural & divine forces
Ballads tells shorter stories about a particular person
Dramatic Poetry tells stories; poet lets one or more of the story's characters act out the story
End Rhyme most common; sounds following vowel sound have to be same; near duplication of sounds that take place at the end of lines
Eye Rhyme similarity in spelling between words that are pronounced differently
Slant Rhyme consonance on the final consonants of the words involved; when final consonant sounds are same but vowel sounds are different; help poet say things in a particular way
Stanza group of lines arranged together; form a division of a poem; usually set off by a space
Monostich one-line poem
Couplet two lines in a poem
Triplet three lines in a poem
Quatrain four lines in a poem
Cinquain five lines in a poem
Sestet six lines in a poem
Septet seven lines in a poem
Octave eight lines in a poem
Meter when stresses recur at fixed intervals
Foot two or more syllables that together make up the smallest unit of rhythm in a poem
Iambic consists of 2 syllables, the 1st of which is spoken softer than the 2nd
Trochaic consists of 2 syllables, the 1st of which is spoken louder than the 2nd
Anapestic consists of 3 syllables, the first 2 of which are spoken more softly than the 3rd syllable
Dactylic consists of 3 syllables, the 1st of which is spoken louder than the 2nd & 3rd
Monometer one foot
Dimeter two feet
Trimeter three feet
Tetrameter four feet
Pentameter five feet
Hexameter six feet
Heptameter seven feet
Octameter eight feet
Created by: sflippo842



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