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Short Stories Review

Review of the terms you need to know for your short stories test

Setting The time and place of a story's action. Includes beliefs, ideas, customs, and values
Characters The actors in a story's plot. They can be people, animals, or whatever the writer chooses.
Protagonist The main character in the story
Antagonist The person in conflict with the main character. Not all stories have antagonists, although most do.
Point of view The relationship of the narrator to the story
First person point of view The narrator is a character in the story, referred to as "I"
Third person limited point of view The narrator reveals the thoughts of ONLY ONE character, referring to that character as "he" or "she"
Third person omniscient The narrator knows everything about the story's events and reveals the thoughts of ALL the characters.
Theme The central idea or message of the story, often a lesson about life or human nature
Plot The sequence of events in a story. Each event causes or leads to the next.
External conflict One between a character and an outside force, such as another character, nature, society, or fate
Internal conflict Takes place within the mind of a character who is torn between opposing feelings or between different courses of action
Man versus man conflict An external struggle between two characters
Man versus society conflict An external struggle between a character and a social force such as poverty, political revolution, etc.
Man versus nature An external struggle between a character and a natural obstacle, like a storm or waves of the ocean
Man versus self An INTERNAL struggle within a character, where aspects of his or her personality may struggle for dominance.
Exposition Introduces the story's characters, setting, conflict
Rising Action Occurs as complications, twists, or intensifications of the conflict occur
Climax The emotional high point of the story
Falling action The logical result of the climax
Resolution The final outcome to the story
Situational Irony When the opposite of what is expected (or what "should" happen) occurs
Verbal irony When there is a discrepancy between what is said and what is meant
Dramatic irony When the audience or readers knows what is about to happen, but the character(s) have no idea
Characterization The way a writer creates and develops a character
Indirect characterization We must infer things about the character by looking at his or her thoughts and actions
Direct characterization The author directly tells us what the author is like
Created by: clindberg



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