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Public Speak Test 1

Public Speaking Study Guide for Test 1: Ch. 1- 4

What are the top three things employers look for? Oral Communication, Listening Ability, and Enthusiasm
Four types of fear Fear of: Being stared at Failure Rejection Unknown
Which of the four types of fear disappear first as you gain experience and confidence? The fear of the unknown
Positive Imagery Have a realistic image in your mind: picture yourself s nervous, but nevertheless in command of the situation and capable of delivering a strong, effective speech.
Two ways to prepare yourself Physically and Intellectually
Why is delivering a speech from memory a bad method? Because if you get derailed by a question or etc., your mind probably went blank.
Is shyness a liability for a speaker? No because many shy introverts have succeeded in show business.
How can a speaker reduce excessive tension before a speech? Take a few deep breaths. Do exercises that can be performed quietly without calling attention to yourself.
Speaker's nervous symptoms Pounding heart, trembling hands, shaky knees, dry and constricted throat, difficulty in breathing, quivering voice, and flushed face.
Why should you never call attention to your nervousness? 1.Because you might get yourself more rattled than you were to begin with. 2. Your audience might have been unaware of your nervousness before you brought it up.
Hearing The process by which sound waves are received by the ear
Listening The act of interpreting and evaluating what is being said
Preparing yourself physically Get plenty of sleep the night before. Exercise right before the speech or lecture.
Preparing yourself intellectually Do research or background reading beforehand
Four types of distractions Auditory, visual, physical, and mental
Auditory People coughing or whispering, a noisy air conditioner, loud music from an adjacent room
Visual Cryptic comments on the board from a previous class, a nearby person that is intriguing to look at, an appealing magazine
Physical A headache or stuffy nose, a seat that is too hard, a room that is too hot or cold
Mental Daydreams, worries, and preoccupations
Golden Rule of Listening "Listen unto others as you would have others listen unto you"
What should you do if you lost your train of thought? Ask your audience
What is an audience-centered speaker? One who tries to establish a meaningful connection with listeners
Audience analysis Collecting information about audience characteristics
Adaptation Adjusting one's material and delivery to meet listeners' needs
Taboo An act, word, or object that is forbidden on grounds of morality or taste
Ethnocentrism Judging other cultures as inferior to one's own culture
The wise speech making formula of President Franklin D. Roosevelt Be sincere. Be brief. Be seated.
Figurative handshake Lock eyes- calm you down
Symbols Verbal and nonverbal
Verbal symbols Words
Nonverbal symbols What you convey with your tone of voice, eyes, facial expression, gestures, posture, and appearance
Created by: Futuredoctor09



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