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2.01 BL

2.01 BL Vocab - Objective 1.02 Business Law

Court of Record Accurate, detailed report of what went on at a trial.
Contempt of Court Action that hinders the administration of justice in court.
Arrest Action when a person is deprived of his or her freedom.
Probate Court Administers wills and estates.
General Jurisdiction Authority of a court to hear a wide range of cases.
Limited Jurisdiction Authority of a court to hear only one particular type of case.
Appellate Jurisdiction Authority of court to review a decision of a lower court or administrative agency.
Municipal Court City court, usually divided into traffic and criminal divisions.
Due Process of Law Constitutional requirement for fundamental fairness in our legal and court system.
Intermediate Court Court between the lower court and the highest court. Also called appellate court.
Injunction Court order issued by a judge ordering a person to do or not to do something.
Appellate Court Courts that have the authority to hear appeals and review cases from lower courts.
Verdict Decision of the jury.
Procedural Defense Defense based on problems with the way evidence is obtained or the way the accused person is arrested, questioned, tried, or punished.
Real Defense Defense that may be used against a holder in due course in a legal action involving a negotiable instrument; a defense that prohibits a holder in due course from collecting on a negotiable instrument.
Stare Decisis Doctrine that requires lower courts to follow existing case law in deciding similar cases.
Judgment Final result of a trial.
Trial Court First court to hear a dispute.
Answer Formal written document that admits or denies each allegation of the complaint and states any defenses that the defendant plans to use.
Court Governmental forum that administers justice under the law.
Procedural Law Group of laws that define the methods for enforcing legal rights and duties.
Detention Hearing Hearing whether there are good reasons for keeping the accused in custody and whether or not there are special circumstances affecting the case.
Due Process An administrative agency decision
Juveniles Individuals over 13 and under 18 years of age who have special status under the criminal law.
Ex Parte Injunction Injunction issued by a judge after hearing only one side of an argument.
Grand Jury Jury of inquiry. It is a group of citizens called together by a court official to determine whether there is enough evidence to justify accusing certain persons of certain crimes.
Statutes Laws enacted by state or federal legislatures.
Complaint Legal document containing a short and plain statement of the plaintiff’s claim against the defendant.
Unruly Child Minor who has done something that would not be a crime if it were done by an adult.
Delinquent Child Minor, under a certain age (usually sixteen, seventeen, or eighteen), who has committed an act that would be a crime if done by an adult.
Punitive Damages Money a court requires a defendant to pay in order to punish and make an example of the defendant.
Bail Money or other property that is left with the court to assure the court that the person will return to stand trial.
Jury Panel of citizens sworn by a court to decide issues of fact in court cases.
Prosecutor Party that accuses the person of a crime. The plaintiff.
Jurisdiction Power of a court to decide a case.
Original Jurisdiction Power to hear the case in full for the first time.
Arraignment Procedure in which the accused is brought before the court, read the indictment or information, and asked to plead guilty or not guilty.
Small Claims Court Special court intended to handle small claims on debts quickly and simply.
Statue of Limitations State laws setting time limit for bringing a lawsuit.
Justice Title of a judge on the state Supreme Court or federal Supreme Court.
Precedent When judge is required to follow an earlier court decision when deciding a case with similar circumstances. Also called doctrine of stare decisis.
Indictment Written accusation issued by the grand jury charging the individual or individuals named in it with a certain crime.
Minor Young person who has not reached the age of legal adulthood. Eighteen is now generally accepted as the age of legal adulthood.
Created by: jpennington



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