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Phonetics Chap 2

graphemes printed letters
phonetic alphabet separate letter for each individual sound in the language
allographs different letter sequences or patterns that represent the same sound loop, through, threw, fruit, canoe all have the ew sound
digraphs pairs of letters that represent one sound oo, ee, ss, or sh, ea, ie
morpheme the smallest unit of language capable of carrying meaning book is one morpheme, books is two morphemes because the "s" changes the meaning of the word book and the "s" is a plural morpheme
free morpheme morphemes that can stand alone and still carry meaning book, free, music, press
bound morphemes bound to other words and carry no meaning when they stand alone pre, re, s, ian, ure,
MLU mean length of utterance
mean length of utterance the average number of morphemes per utterance used to determine whether a child is progressing through specific stages of language development with respect to both the typical developmental sequence and the appropriate time frame
phoneme a speech sound that is capable of differentiating morphemes each sound in a morpheme
minimal pairs when you change one phoneme and it changes the morpheme look, book; through, brew
allophones variant pronunciations of a particular phoneme /l/ can be pronounced different ways in look and ball
broad transcription It is the basic form of transcription. Uses virgules. systematic phonemic transcriptionuses virgules
diacritics special marks that tell you how a word was said specialized symbols used to indicate allophonic variation like the dark /l/ and light /l/
narrow transcription uses diacritics and brackets
onset of a syllable consists of all the consonants that precede a vowel component of a syllable
nucleus normally a vowel
syllabic consonants when a consonant takes on the role of a vowel as in chasm, m is the vowel in the second syllable
supra above
distinctive features a system of analysis that is helpful when planning treatment vocalic, consonantal, high, back, anterior, coronal, voice, continuant, nasal, strident
open syllables end in a vowel
closed syllables end in a consonant
syllabic consonant consonants that sound like a vowel ex, mama and them, mama n m, the m sounds like a vowel
phonotactic rules only certain combinations of consonants can be used, otherwise, you have to have a vowel to make sense of the morpheme
word stress increased emphasis on the production of one syllable
Created by: schaunag