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Literary Lexicon

QuestionAnswer
A narrative in which abstract concepts are represented as something concrete, typically major elements in the story, such as characters, objects, actions, or events. It possesses two parallel levels of meaning and understanding: Allegory
An indirect reference in a literary text to a well-known person or place, or to an historical, political, or cultural event. Allusion
A short remark or speech spoken by a character to the audience or to another character. According to convention, it is assumed that the aside is not heard by the other characters. tend to reveal insight into plot, character, or emotion. Aside
he repetition of identical or similar vowel sounds in a sequence of words. Usually the repetition occurs in the stressed syllables and the vowel sound is followed by different consonant sounds. Assonance
The repetition of the same sounds in initial consonants or stressed syllables in a sequence of words. Alliteration
In literature, it is a moment of insight, discovery, revelation, or understanding that alters a character's life in a meaningful way. Epiphany
A long, formal narrative poem with elevated style.narrate a story of national importance based on the life and actions of a hero. Frequently the fate of the nation depends upon the hero and his actions. Epic
French for "type." is used to classify literature according to form, style, or content. Sonnet, novel, tragedy, and elegy Genre
How an author uses description, action, dialogue, and emotion to convey the complexities of a character. Authors frequently use descriptions of a character's appearance, history, conversations, thoughts, reactions, and emotions. In this way, Characterization
he main character in a play or narrative, often in conflict with the antagonist. Usually the plot revolves around, or is set into action Protagonist
The most significant character or force that opposes the protagonist in a narrative. Antagonist
A prose fiction work of about 50-100 pages. Shorter than a novel and longer than a short story, possesses formal and stylistic elements of those two prose genres Novella
An extended piece of fictional prose that is distinguished from short stories and novellas by its length. Novel
A character whose qualities or actions are in stark contrast with those of another character, usually the protagonist.often used to convey or develop the protagonist's character. Foil
A scene used to show events that occur before the opening scene. used to provide insight into or background about events, settings, characters, or context and can take the form of a character's dreams, Flashback
refers to a) depictions of objects or qualities perceived by the five senses; b) the figurative language used to convey abstract ideas concretely; or, more specifically, c) the depiction of visual objects or scenes. Imagery
Broadly speaking, irony is an incongruity or contradiction between appearance and reality. Events, situations, statements, plots, or structures can be ironic. Irony
when there is a discrepancy between either what a character says and what that character believes to be true, or when a character says the opposite of what he or she means. Verbal Irony
dramatic irony; where there is a discrepancy between what a character sees or perceives and what the audience knows is true Dramatic Irony
features a discrepancy between expectation and reality and appears in two forms: Dramatic and tragic Situational Irony
Either a) a character, plot, device, image, theme, or motif used frequently in literature, or b) an unrealistic device, such as an aside, that an audience or reading public has agreed to tolerate. Convention
The struggle between two forces in a literary work that constitutes the foundation of plot, or the arrangement of events, actions, and situations in a narrative work. Conflict
common or stereotypical types of characters that are commonly seen in literature. Stock character
usually undergoes a significant change in response to the events or circumstances described in the plot. Because they change during the work, these characters are often called dynamic characters. Round character
usually minor characters with one outstanding trait; flat characters rarely change during the course of the work (also called static characters) and are often based on stock characters Flat character
he perspective (or perspectives) from which a story is told. Point of view
are person as who use "I" or "me" to tell a story. Usually is involved in the plot but not always First person
can move freely between any number of characters. is all-knowing and has complete knowledge of all characters' thoughts and histories, as well as the story's events, settings, and contexts. Third person omniscient
Latin for "god out of a machine." a) the practice in Greek drama of a god descending into the play from a crane-like machine in order to solve a problem in the plot and thus enable the play to end, Deus ex machina
or b) an unexpected, contrived, or improbable ending or solution in a literary text. Deus ex machina
the representation of spoken exchanges between or among characters, or b) a literary work where characters discuss or debate a particular subject. Dialogue
Suggestions of what is to come later on in a narrative. Foreshadowing
rose, verse, or dramatic works which seek to expose the failings of individuals, institutions, ideas, communities, or society in general.Often there is a corrective element since satires often function as social critique or as a spark for social change. Satire
A monologue in a play spoken by one character who is alone or believes himself or herself to be alone on the stage. Soliloquy
t A one-stanza lyric poem of fourteen lines in iambic pentameter with a specific rhyme scheme. address a range of themes, but love is the most common Sonnet
literary movement in late-nineteenth-century France as a reaction to realist impulses in literature Symbolism
A significant abstract idea emerging from a literary work or the statement the work appears to make about its subject. indirectly suggested and are generally conveyed through figurative language, imagery, symbols, or motifs. Theme
the author's choice of words or vocabulary in a literary work, or b) a performer's manner or style of speaking, including phrasing and punctuation. Diction
The author's attitude in a literary text toward the audience or reader (i.e., familiar, formal) or toward the subject itself (i.e., satiric, celebratory, ironic). Tone
refers to a moderately short (usually 12-30 lines) poem expressing one speaker's emotions and thoughts. Lyric
Also called echoism. Onomatopoeia
a) broadly, it refers to words or passages in which the sound echoes the sense, or the words or passages sound like the words they describe either in terms of movement or sound, Onomatopoeia
more specifically, onomatopoeia is when the sound of a word closely resembles or echoes the sound it conveys, such as “buzz” or “hiss.” Onomatopoeia
Figurative language uses figures of speech such as metaphor, simile, and alliteration. In contrast to literal language wherein words are taken in their primary or denotative sense, Figurative
The reasons or explanations for why a character acts in the ways he or she does in response to events of the plot. how an author uses description, action, dialogue, and emotion to convey the complexities of a character. Motivation
A significant element that recurs either in a specific literary work, in a group of literary texts, or in literature as a whole. Motif
The telling of true or fictitious events by a narrator. Narratives can be either verse or prose and focus on the depiction of events or happenings Narrative
The arrangement or design of events, actions, and situations in a narrative work. Plot
referred to as resolution is what follows the climax of a narrative and is usually the final scene in a play or the final chapter or section in a narrative or novel. Dénouement
A novel, or extended piece of fictional prose, that features the realistic and episodic adventures of a likeable yet flawed roguish hero. Picaresque novel
A figure of speech wherein a thing, place, abstract idea, dead or absent person is addressed directly as if present and capable of understanding and responding. Apostrophe
Originally referring to the masks worn by actors in ancient drama, persona now refers to the first-person voice or character an author uses to convey the story in a narrative Persona
refers to the location, historical moment, social context, or circumstances in which a literary work or scene is set. In drama, it also includes the scenery and props and is often referred to as décor or mise en scène. Setting
is told through the characters’ writing and exchange of letters. Epistolary Novel
features the adventures of a likeable yet flawed roguish hero. Epic novel
is a claim that is so obvious or self-evident as to be hardly worth mentioning, except as a reminder or as a rhetorical or literary device. Truism
is a Latin phrase denoting the literary and artistic narrative technique wherein the relation of a story begins either at the mid-point or at the conclusion, rather than at the beginning In media res
What are the different types of narrators? First person point of view- Third person Third person omniscient Unreliable narrator- cannot be trusted.
How do literary conventions help to create meaning in literary works? a practice or device which is accepted as a necessary, useful, or given feature of a genre,
How do literary conventions help to create meaning in literary works? a practice or device which is accepted as a necessary, useful, or given feature of a genre,
What is the importance of plot fictional works? Fiction must have a story, or else there is no point to it
What are the different forms of fiction? s novels, short stories, fables, fairy tales, plays, poetry, but it now also encompasses films, comic books, and video games.
is a subjective cultural and/or emotional coloration in addition to the explicit or denotative meaning of any specific word or phrase in a language, i.e. emotional association with a word. connotation
eaning or "dictionary definition" of a term, devoid of emotion, attitude, and color. Denotation
The character may be speaking his or her thoughts aloud, directly addressing another character, or speaking to the audience, especially the former. Monologue
a figure of speech comparing two unlike things, often introduced with the words "like", "as", or "than" Simile
meaning "simultaneous understanding" Synecdoche
is a literary device that is the reversal of the syntactic relation of two words (as in "her beauty's face"). Transferred Epithet
an expression of less strength than would be expected understatement
is an analogy between two objects or ideas; the analogy is conveyed by the use of a metaphorical word in place of some other word. For example: "Her eyes were glistening jewels". Metaphor
s a figure of speech used in rhetoric in which a thing or concept is not called by its own name, but by the name of something intimately associated with that thing or concept Metonymy
is a true statement or group of statements that leads to a contradiction or a situation which defies intuition. T Paradox
is an ontological metaphor in which a thing or abstraction is represented as a person Personification
s a rhetorical device in which statements are exaggerated. It may be used to evoke strong feelings or to create a strong impression, but is not meant to be taken literally. Hyperbole
is an extended metaphor with a complex logic that governs a poetic passage or entire poem. Conceit
Created by: lstreets