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PLS 200

mid-term test

QuestionAnswer
Anarchy Without rule Political idea that formal gov'ts are not required
aristocracy Elite-authority Upper class rule the privileged
authoritarian Political authority is possessed by a small and or specific group, and is not subject to constitutional rules nor competitive elections
autocracy self authority those in power not subject to political support of other
Bolsheviks Group in Russia Communist movement (under Lenin) who gained power in 1917
bourgeoisie the entrepreneurs, merchants, shop owners, property owners (who Marx believed exploited the workers
capitalism Economic system emphasizing private property, profit, and competition in a market economy
communism a political/economic theory advocating elimination of private property, with a transition to total govt ownership and the state ultimately "withered away"
Marxism the communist therory with emphasis on the historical division of property and the need to est. a dicatorship of proletariat in order to transition to pure communism
Leninism based upon first communist group to assume power in Russia in 1917. based of political control
Moaism Variant of Communism developed by Moe in China emphasizing organizing peasants and guerrilla warfar
stalinism Variant of Communism est by stalin 1928 with emphasis forced collectivization, terror and a personal dictorship
titoism Variant of Communism developed by Tito in Yugoslavia with emphasized nationalism, non-alignment and worker self-management, but also retained one-party authoritarian political party
constitutionlism political powers are est. distributed and specifically limited for both govt institutions and people
democracy People authority Political legitimacy is based on regular and competitive election and those governing are subject to some form of constitutional limitations
fabians British democratic socialist (late 19th/ 20th century) who advocated a gradual transition to social ism and rejected Marx's violent revolution
great society a group of programs est. during Lyndon Johnson, designed to help the economic and social status of disadvantaged groups within american society.
Ideology a policial doctrine on how a society should be governed
laissez faire no interference hands off the economic market let the laws of supply and demand control the market
dictatorship of Proletariat what marx called for to eliminate private property and capitalism, as an interim period in the transition to pure communism
Liberalism political ideology emphasizing individualism, private property and limited gov't. "during the liberal movement" developed as a counter to mostly authoritarian gov't. has come to mean more gov't social economic programs
mercantilism economic systems to try to increase wealth of nations by strict gov.t control of trade
New Deal the economic programs developed by President Roosevelt 1933-1945 to revitalize the U.S. economy and provide opportunities for workers recovering from the Great Depression
plutocracy wealth-authority
politburo the apex of power in the communist party a group of 10 to 12 people who pick party chairmen and approve all major programs
Political legitimacy when the society, nation or state believes those in charge and making the rules have the right to do so
political science the study of gov't and politics, in theory and practice
politics the authoritative allocation of goods, services and programs or "who get what, when and how
Adam Smith Wrote wealth of nations 1776 Capitalist all for laizze-faire
John Mills 1859 on Liberty I have the right to think, say and do what i want advocate of womens rights
karl marx wrote communist manifesto 1847 called for a revolution
Fabians Society Favored gradual change rather than revolutionary change.Democratic socialist
Relationship of Socialism with Democracy Utopian (modern hippie communities)authoritarian communist manifesto naziUjamaa- fabian
a state a patch of land sovereignty of govt
Truman Doctrine President Truman asked for additional assistance to greece and turkey against the soviet union preventing communist takeover in the west
Marshall plan a program by the U.S. for the rebuilding and creating a stronger economic foundation for the countries of western Europe after WWll
James Madison Contributor to the U.S Constitution, Father of the bill of right, and the 4th president
John Maynard keynes Capitalist When you have a neg. you need the gov't input
John Locke said life liberty and property. founder of liberal decomacy. advocated for ownership of enterprises give people rights 1690
edmund Burke thought manners were more important that lawLiberal don't destroy family & religion
Socialism Gov't ownership/control of goodsredistrobution
Robert Owens (Socialist) Private factory owner gave right to workers est. mills town
Eugene Debs Socialist, union leader, founder the social democracy of america favored marxism
Tony Blair prime Minister of UK 97-2007
a Nation group of people with common identities like race/religion/language
Jean Kirkpatrick's Lesser of evilsAuthoritarian vs. Totalitarian regimes the U.S. often supports non-totalitarian authoruitarian regimes 1. Authoritarian regimes are more changeable more likely to become a democracy2. less repressive and tolerant of cultural choices3. supportive of U.S national interest
monarchies countries Saudi Arabia, monaco, north Korea inheritance/family
Theocracy countries Iran religious authority
Militocracy countries Burma/MyanmarMilitary fighting skills
Revolutionary Individual CubaCharisma/ Nationalism
Thoughts of authoritarian Regimes less than 50 of the 190 countries are Authoritarian. Over 140 countries can be catigorized as Democratric
democracy People Authority
Direct Democracy People vote directly to approve / disapprove new programs/taxes
Republic People elect representatives who create/reject new programs/taxes
Federalism two levels both have law making and some enforcement powers
Confederalism two levels but the lower level have the majority/sole law making powers
Unitiary one level has all law making powerassociated with Authoritarian systems
what kind of democracies might this bePeoples Democracy of xyz more often than not not a democracy
what kind of democracies might this beConstitutional Monarchy most of these Monarchies (rule of one) are actually functioning parliamentary democracies
What kind of democracies might this beRepublic of abc many of these self proclaimed republics are in fact authoritarian systems
What year did the berlin wall come down 1989
Mao Zedong Chinese revolutionary, political and thoerist and communist leader of the people's republic of china self proclaimed disciple of marxism-Lenein rules 1943-1976
what was the long march 1934-1935 chinese communist party retreated a daring escape to a remote region to be safe against attack
the great leap foward Mao Zedong's concept to move China from agriculture to industry. 1958-1960
Red Guard a mass movement of civilians, mostly students and other young people in China, who were mobilized by Mao Zedong in 1966 and 1967, during the Cultural Revolution.
Zhou Enlai Zhou was instrumental in the Communist Party's rise to power, and subsequently in the development of the Chinese economy and restructuring of Chinese society. meet with Nixion 1973
Deng Xiaoping Deng became a reformer who led China towards a market economy.
Ho chi Minh a Vietnamese Communist revolutionary and statesman who was president (1945–1969) of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (North Vietnam). helped to unit north/south vietnam
North koreaKim II-Sung 1945 Com Gov't world's only "true Marxist" state & Marxist Monarchy
Cuba(castro) In 1965 he became First Secretary of the Communist Party of Cuba and led the transformation of Cuba into a one-party socialist republic.
Tito President (1953–80) of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
Created by: theboss1967