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5.00 key terms

Business Essientials

Cloud storage Online storage that enables users to upload, store, and access their files via the internet; users' files are maintained by a third party at a remote database storage facility.
Cookies Text files that are put on a website visitor's hard disk and then later retrieved during subsequent visits to the site in order to track internet behavior. Mechanisms used by websites to track users' browsing histories.
Data migration The process of transferring data between storage types, formats, or computer systems.
Data processing Handling information, especially facts. Converting facts and figures into useful information. Analyzing collected facts and figures and putting them into formats useful to a business.
Data Facts and figures.
Database Computerized storage for information and facts.
Hardware The physical components of a computer system (e.g., the central processing unit, hard drive, modem).
Information system Set of coordinated network of components, which act together towards producing, distributing and/or processing information.
Information technology Integration of computer with telecommunication equipment for retrieving, manipulating, and storage of data.
Intranet An internal network similar to the internet that is accessible only by authorized personnel; used to access information and communicate with others within an organization. A computer network that is restricted to organization it serves, an internal intern
Software Programs that instruct computers to perform specific operations.
Application programs Programs that people used to get their work done.
Central Processing Unit A particular computer will have a particular type of processor.
Computer system Consists of hardware (physical parts of the computer) and software (programs and data used with the physical computer).
Embedded system A computer system that is part of a larger machine and which controls how that machine operates.
Input devices Keyboards, mouse, scanners, cameras, joysticks, and microphones; a piece of equipment used to provide data and control signals to an information processing system.
Main memory Closely connected to the processor, stored data are quickly and easily changed, holds the programs and data that the processor is actively working with.
Motherboard Components are connected to the main circuit board of the computer.
Network Consists of two or more computers connected so that they can exchange data and programs.
Operating system Responsible for starting up application programs, running them, and managing the resources that they need.
Output device Monitor, printer, speakers; any piece of computer hardware equipment which converts information into human-readable form.
Processor Contains billions of transistors; responsible for the fundamental computing with the system, and directly or indirectly controls all the other components.
RAM (Random Access Memory) "Random" means that the memory cells can be accessed in any order. The type of silicon chip used to implement main memory.
ROM (Read Only Memory) Used to make a section of main memory read-only.
Secondary memory Connected to main memory, stored data are easily changed, but changes are slow compared to main memory, and used for long-term storage of programs and data.
Computer-aided design (CAD) The use of computer technology to plan, design, test, and alter products.
Computer-aided manufacturing (CAM) The use of computer software to control machines, tools, and processes involved in manufacturing products.
Expert system Computer software designed to mimic the knowledge of a human expert.
Global positioning system (GPS) A navigational system that uses satellite technology to determine location and provide directions.
Hardware The physical components of a computer system (e.g., the central processing unit, hard drive, modem).
Internet telephony Technology that allows users to communicate over the internet rather than through traditional public networks.
Network A system of computers connected together by telephone wires, cable wires, or other means.
Personal identification number (PIN) A number you choose to gain access to an account.
Satellite An object placed into orbit by humans; most are used for communications purposes.
Smartphone A mobile phone with advanced capabilities, such as accessing the internet.
Software Programs that instruct computers to perform specific operations.
Technology The practical application of science to society and industry.
Telecommunicating Working from home or remote location.
Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP) Technology that allows users to make telephone calls over the internet.
Created by: angelo.g828
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