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Endocr. Syst Chart 3

Endocrine Hormones & Hormone Functions

HormoneHormone Function
Calcitonin Decreases blood calcium levels by inhibiting osteoclasts
Androgens Insignificant in males; increases sex drive in females
Glucagon Increases blood glucose levels by stimulating liver to break down glycogen into glucose
Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) Stimulates sperm production. Stimulates oocyte production and estrogen secretion.
Antidiuretic Hormone (ADH) Decreases water lost in urine by returning water to the blood.
Thymosin Promotes the maturation of T cells for the immune response
Progesterone Stimulates development of female sex characteristics; helps regulate menstrual cycle
Melatonin Helps to set biological clock
Luteinizing hormone (LH) Stimulates secretion of testosterone. Triggers ovulation and stimulates secretion of estrogen and progesterone
Norepinephrine (NE) Promotes fight or flight response
Thyroxine (T4) Increases metabolism and basal metabolic rate (BMR)
Cortisol Increases resistance to stress, increases blood glucose levels, and decreases inflammation
Epinephrine Promotes fight or flight response
Testosterone Stimulates development of male sex characteristics; stimulates male sex drive; regulates sperm production
Prolactin (PRL) Stimulates production and secretion of milk
Insulin Decreases blood glucose levels by transporting glucose into body cells
Melanocyte-stimulating hormone (MSH) Darkens skin pigmentation
Oxytocin (OT) Stimulates uterine contractions and milk ejection during suckling.
Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) Stimulates secretion of hormones by adrenal cortex
Aldosterone Decreases sodium and water loss in urine by returning sodium and water to the blood
Estrogen Stimulates development of female sex characteristics; helps regulate menstrual cycle
Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) Stimulates growth of thyroid gland and secretion of its hormones
Triiodothyronine (T3) Increases metabolism and BMR
Parathyroid hormone (PTH) Increases blood calcium levels by stimulating osteoclasts to break down bone matrix
Human growth hormone (hGH) Stimulates secretion of hormones that stimulate body growth and metabolism
Created by: tkent316