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ENG 2340 Exam 3

Texas State / World Lit II / Spring '10 / Smith

QuestionAnswer
How did Dr. Nyambe say Caliste Biyela describe herself? FEMINITUDE, crude vocab, provocative. Took controversial stance b/c QUEST FOR SOCIAL JUSTICE.
Where do fairy tales come from? Artistic literary & oral tradition/folklore. Cross-cultural, storytelling became more consistent after printing press invention.
Who were the Brothers Grimm? Studied to be lawyers, loved folk poetry, tall tales, horror stories, legends, dirty jokes. Collected from 80+sources. Removed anything re: pregnancy/sex/off color. Active Heroines.
What was Bettleheim's main thesis re: fairy tales? Vital for childhood dev., emotions worked out through symbolism. Justice.
Cinderella Plot Variants (4) 1)GRIMMS' sib rivalry, SM/SD jealousy, superiority, role reversal. 2)PERRAULT CAT'S /DONKEY'S SKIN - father=sex predator, incest. 3)DISNEY 4)HIMALAYAN BLACK COW early male Cinderella
Reasons: CINDERELLA ENDURING POWER? Beddelheim: "all children @ one time feel they have been put in the wrong family...or have felt mistreated."
Reasons: SNOW WHITE ENDURING POWER? Good/bad mother....mother/daughter conflict on a literal level. Jealousy. Opedial pressure. Mirror= narcissism. "Solae"-ism: belief you are the only person which exists.
What happens in DISNEY'S SNOW WHITE? Prince appears early, has a bigger heart. SM's decorative box holding heart. SM = EVIL.
What happens in GRIMMS' SNOW WHITE mother's blood in snow, iron slipper dance to death, SM eats SW's lungs/liver, jealousy can be destructive. Takes queen's perspective at times.
Anne Sexton's SNOW WHITE view SW will grow up to be an evil queen - it is a cyclical cycle, b/c there is no role model for SW. Evil women are attractive.
Are fairy tales LIBERATING for WOMEN? celebrate wise old women, Grimms' females have active roles, many get revenge, BUT ALSO - FT reinforce traditional gender roles, Disney esp. Men seeking specific female qualities.
ROOM OF ONE'S OWN (WOOLF'S THESIS) Women needed their own private space and economic independence to write and create. Women = most discussed. EXPLORED OBJECTIVE TRUTHS.
What does WOOLF discuss in SHAKESPEARE'S SISTER? Reasons why SS impossible: LACK OF OPPORTUNITY. 16TH C. LONDON. TRAVEL = UNSAFE, IMPROPER FOR LADIES. FAMILY = BINDING. ANONYMOUS WRITERS = MOSTLY WOMEN. WOMEN FACE HOSTILITY.
Discuss LITTLE RED RIDING HOOD VARIANTS. 1)STORY OF GRANDMOTHER - oldest, resourceful peasant girl & a trickster. 2)LITTLE RED CAP - No strip tease. Cautionary RE: forest TAME WOLVES MOSTDANGERIONS 3)COMPANY OF WOLVES - Girl desires the wolf, female desire, virginity, explicit sexuality.
MAIN THEMES OF BEAUTY AND THE BEAST VARIANTS (3) 1) UNKNOWN WHY MALE CHANGES --> ANIMAL. 2) FATHER CAUSES HEROINE TO JOIN BEAST/MOTHER PLAYS NO SIGNIFICANT ROLE. 3) SORCERESS GOES UNPUNISHED. BEAUTY TXFRS LOVE FROM FATHER TO BEAST.
MAIN THEMES OF BLUEBEARD VARIANTS (3) 1) FORBIDDEN CHAMBER, 2) PROHIBITION, 3) VIOLATION....CURIOUS WOMEN ARE JUSTIFIED
PERRAULT MAIN OBJECTIVE DEMONSTRATE PROPER LIVING MORALS, PROPER BEHAVIOR
PSYCH ANALYSIS IN TERMS OF MARRIAGE/SEX MARRIAGE MAKES SEX PERMISSIBLE AND A SACRAMENT INSTEAD OF SOMETHING ANIMALISTIC.
GRIMMS' CINDERELLA V. DISNEY CINDERELLA Grimm: more active, no fairy godmother, plants tree, climbs into coop, sisters mutilation of selves and by birds, birds involvement
Class FEMINISM definition a) women are human beings, b) therefore, just like men, they deserve human rights
1) Salons, 2) Veillee 2) hearthside gathering, men would fix tools while women sewed while listening to FT. 1) 18th c. gatherings of women (307). Contes de fee. Veillee meetings sometimes gender segregated. Many French women published FT books.
Vladimir PROPP studied FT morphology. VEILEE
PERRAULT, Charles 1697 Tales of Mother Goose. Transformed Old Wive's tales into stories for middle/upper class.
The Volk and Fairy Tales Romantic idea " an imagined corpus." Grimms' embodied German spirit, Nationalism leads to bad things, GB tales not authentic.
BETTLEHEIM / Uses of Enchantment Feudian child psychologist. FTs consequential, life can be unfair, bad guys getting punished = +! Essential to human sex development. FTs = good tools for working out problems.
Gilbert/Gubar - Angel Woman V. Monster Woman virgin/whore polarity. mirror = patriarchal voice of judgement. internalized view of self evaluation. difficulty of female bonding under patriarchy. Patriarchy used to oppress women, empower men. Domestication, income inequality, cultural practices
Social Superstructures WOOLF: "Great bodies of ppl are never responsible for what they do." Things built on top of societies, and culture which leads ppl to behave in certain ways.
Shakespeare's Sister A female Shakespeare = IMPOSSIBLE. Lack of Opportunity. Men controlled literary production. "Anon" often female. Family = binding.
Feminism Women excluded from politics/biz until latter 3rd 10th c. Rise women writers: 19th c. French salons. Women genres= "low:" novels, letter,s FTs. Women characters' power often hidden/ignored.
Little Red Riding Hood - Sources 1. Cronoos swallowed children and vomited them up. 2)Swallowd stone in place of Zeus, 3) Jonah and the whale, 4)Fecunda Ratis- little girl w/ red cap found in company of wolves.
Le petit chaperon rouge PERRAULT. 1697. A lesson on improper bourgeois behavior. Chaperon - little cap for girls. Girl = idle, naive. Story explicitly about sex. Blames victim. Tame wolves = MOST dangerous.
Rotkaeppchen BROS. GRIMM. Girl strips and climbs tree. Male figures = predictors or rescuers. Womb envy. Rape parable. Wolf = boundery crossing transvestite. Wolves in germanic lore = seducers, rapists, warlocks, Satan. Wolf digs up tree by roots, leaves an arm.
Litte Led Riding Hood Variants 1) CALVINO - food focus, wolf replaced by ogress, girl's kindness = her salvation 2) CHIANG MI - Goldflower, bear instead of wolf, bathroom excuse. "Do you sill want to eat children?"
CARTER, Angela White witch of English lit. Rewrote fairytales in The Bloody Chamber. Active heroines, sex violence, desire. Complex stories.
The Company of Wolves Anecedote of married couple - sad, funny, scary. Shy insecure husband. Male violence comes from weakness. Wife has EMPATHY. Focus on GIRL's virginity/desire.
Created by: goldmeg89