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Elements and Devices

Basic literary elements and devices for middle school.

What are all of the parts that make up a piece of literary work? Literary Elements
What are made up people or animals in a literary work? Characters
What is the character that opposes another, usually the protagonist (a.k.a. "the bad guy")? Antagonist
What is the major character in a literary work that is involved in some sort of conflict (a.k.a. "the good guy")? Protagonist
How does an author make a character seem real by depicting the character's personality? Characterization
What is it called when an author directly tells the reader about the character? Direct Characterization
What is it called when an author shows a character's personality through actions, dialogue, etc.? Indirect Characterization
What is the place and time of a story? Setting
What is the most important idea in a story that may also include a short lesson? Theme
What are the sequence of a story's events that follow the pattern of: exposition, rising action, climax, falling action, and resolution? Plot
What is the problem in a story? Conflict
What is the solution to the problem in a story called? Resolution
What is it called when the problem occurs between the protagonist and another character or nature? External Conflict
What is it called when the protagonist struggles within himself/herself? Internal Conflict
What are the four types of conflict? Character v. CharacterCharacter v. NatureCharacter v. SelfCharacter v. Society
What is the beginning of the story called when basic facts about the setting and characters are made known? Exposition
What are the events that happen before the climax called? Rising Action
What is the peak or turning point of a story? Climax
What is the action called that happens after the climax? Falling Action
What is the atmosphere that is created for the reader by the text? Mood
What is the perspective from which a story is told? Point of View
What is the point of view that uses the words "I" or "we" when telling the story? First Person
This point of view uses the word "you"; usually used when giving directions. Second Person
What point of view uses the words "he", "she", "they" while telling a story? Third Person
This point of view only knows as much as the main character knows. Uses "he", "she", "they". Third Person Limited
This point of view means "all-knowing" Third Person Omnicient
Tools that authors use to bring the reader into the writing Literary Devices
Set of literary devices that authors use Figurative Language
This compares two unlike things using "like" or "as" Simile
Compares two unlike things NOT using "like" or "as"; says one thing IS another Metaphor
This figure of speech in which non-human things are given human qualities Personification
Extreme exaggeration Hyperbole
When future events in a story are hinted at by the author; used to build suspense Foreshadowing
This literary device interrupts the plot of a story to go back to past event Flashback
Used to express the exact opposite of its literal meaning Irony
When a certain object or image is used to represent another idea Symbolism
This is a form a language spoken by people in certain region or group Dialect
An expression that means something different from what the words might seem to actually say Idiom
The use of words to imitate sounds Onomatopoeia
Created by: tcollins