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med term chapter 9

QuestionAnswer
anisocytosis an abnormal condition of the blood characterized by red blood cells of variable and abnormal size
agglutination the clumping of cells as a result of interaction with specific antibodies.
albumin a plasma protein
antibodies substances produced by the body in response to bacteria, virusis, or other foreign substances.
allergen a substance that can produce a hypertensive reaction in the body
allergy a hypertensive reaction to normally harmless antigens,most of which are environmrntal.
anaphylaxis an exaggerated life threatening hypertensivity reaction to a previously encountered anigen.
antigens a substance , usually a protein that causes the information of an antibody and reacts specifically with that antibody.
ascites an abnormal intraperitoneal accumulation of a fluid containing large amounts of protein and electrolytes
basophil a granulocytic white blood cell characterized by cytoplasmic ganules that stain blue when exposed to a basic dye.
bilirubin the orange-yellow pigment of bile formed principally by the breakdown of hemoglobin in red blood cells after termination of their normal life span
coagulation the process of transforming a liquid into a solid, especialy of the blood.
corpuscle any cell of the body
differeniation the process of development in which unspecailized cells or tissues are systematically modified and altered to achive specific and characteristic physical forms, physiologic functions, and chemical properties.
dyscrasia an abnormal condition of the blood or bone marrow.
edema the abnormal accumulation of fluid in interestitial spaces of tissues
electrophoresis the movement of charged suspended particles through a liquid medium in response to changes in an electric field.
enzyme an organic substance that initiats and accelerates a chemical reaction.
eosinophil a granulocytic, bilobed leukocyte somewhat larger than a neutrophill characterized by large numbers of coarse, refractile, cytoplasmic granules that stain with the acid dye ecosin
erythremia an abnormal increase in the number of red blood cells
erythroblast an immature red blood cell
erythrocyte a mature red blood cell
erythropoiesis the process of red blodd cell production
erythropoetin a hormone synthesized mainly in the kidneys and releases into the bloodstream in response to anoxia.
fibrin a stringy,insoluble protein that is the sunstance of a blood clot
fibrinogen a plasma protein converted into a fibrin by thrombin in the presance of calcium ions
globin a group of four globulin protein molecules that become bound by the iron in heme molecules to form hemoglobin.
globulin a plasma protein mad in the liver.
granulocyte a type of leukocyte characterized by the presence of cytoplasmic granules
hematologist a medical specailist in the feild of hematology
hematology the scientific study of blood and blood- forming tissues
heme the pigmented iron containing, non-protein portion of the hemoglobin molecule.
hemoglobin a complex protien-iron compound in the blood that carries oxygen to the cells from the lugs and carbon dioxide away from the cells to the lungs.
hemolysis the breakdown of red blood cells and the release of hemoglobin that occurs normally at the end of the life span of a red blood cell.
hemorrhage a loss of a large amount of blood in a short period of time.
hemotosis the termination of bleeding my mechanical or chemical means or by the complex coagulation process of the body.
heparin a naturally occuring anticlotting factor presant in the body
hyperalbuminemia an increased level of albumin in the blood
hyperbilirubinemia greater that normal amounts of the bile pigment in the blood.
hyperlipemia an exessive level of blood fats.
ion an electrically charged partical
leukocyte a white blood cell
leukocytoprnia an abnormal decrease in number of white blood cells.
megakaryocyte an extremely large bone marrow cell
monocyte a large mononuclear leukocyte
myeloid of or pertaining to the bone marrow or the spinal cord
neutrophil a polymorphonuclear granular leukocyte that stains easy with neural eyes
pancytoprnia a marked reduction in the number of red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets
pica craving to eat unusual subatances
plasma the watery, straw-colored, fluid prtion of the lymph and the blood in the leukocytes.
platelet a clotting cell
prothrombin a plasma protein precursor of thrimbin
reticulocyte an immature erthyrocyte characterized by a meshlike pattern of threads and particles at the former site of the nucleus
septicemia systemic infection in which pathogens are presant in the circulating bloddstream.
splenomegaly an abnormal enlargement of the spleen
stem cell a formative cell
thrombocyte a cloting cell
threombocytopenia an abnormal hematoloic condition in which the number of platelets is reduced
thromboplastin a complex substance that initiates the clotting process by converting prothrombin in the presance of calcium ion
thrombus a clot
agglutin/o to clump
anisio- unequal
bas/o base
blast/o,-blast embryonic stage of devolopment
chrom/o color
coagul/o clotting
cyt/o cell
-emia blood condition
eosin/o red,rosy
erthyr/o red
-globin containing protein
hem/o blood
hemat/o blood
is/o equal
kary/o nucleus
leuk/o white
-lytic destruction
mono- one
morph/o form, shape
myel/o bone marrow, or spinal cord
nucle/o nucleus
-oid esembling
-osis condition
-penia decrease in
-phage to eate
phag/o to eat
-philia attreaction to
-phoresis transmission
=poiesis formation
poikil/o varied
sider/o iron
spher/o round
-stasis stopping or controlling
thromb/o clot
Ab antibody
Ag anitgen
ABO blood groups,A,AB,B and O
AHF antihemophiliac factor
AHG antihemolytic globin
ALL acute lymphatic leukmia
AML acute myelogenous leukemia
BMT bone marrow transplatation
CBC complete blood cell count
Hb hemoglobin
LDL low-density lipoprotein
segs segmented neutophils
Created by: aeangel21