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LGlenn MT Chapter 12

BE Barium enema
b.i.d. Twice a day
Endoscopic retrograde choloangiopancreatography ERCP
Gallbladder GB
GI Gastrointestinal
HCL Hydrocholoric acid
Irritable bowel syndrome IBS
Nothing by mouth NPO, n.o.p.
N&V Nausea an vomiting
p.c. After meals
An enzyme that breaks starch down into smaller carbohydrate molecules. Amylase
Infusion of a radiopaque contrast medium, barium sulfate, into the rectum; it is held in the lower intestinal tract while x-ray films are obtained of the lower GI tract. Barium enema
The orange-yellow pigment of bile; formed principally by the breakdown of hemoglobin in red blood cells agter the temination of their normal life span. Bilirubin
A cul-de-sac containing the first part of the large intestine. It joins the ileum, the last segment of the small intestine. Cecum
A disease of the liver that is chronic and degenerative and causes injury to the hepatocytes (functional cells of the liver). cirrhosis
The surgical creation of a new opening on the abdominal wall through which the feces will be expelled (an abdominal-wall anus) by bringing the incised colon out to the abdominal surface. Colostomy
The shortest, widest, and most fixed portion of the small intestine, taking an almost circular course from the pyloric valve of the stomach so that its termination is close to its starting point. duodenum
A term used to describe painful intestinal inflammation typically caused by ingesting water or food containing bacteria, protozoa, parasites, or chemical irritants. dysentery
A radiological technique used to examine the function of an organ or a body part using a fluoroscope. Fluoroscopy
The irrigation, or washing out, of the stomach with sterile water or a saline solution. gastric lavage
A permanently distended vein, called a varicosity, in the distal rectum or anus. hemorrhoids
Acute or chronic inflammation of the liver due to a viral or bacterial infection, drugs, alcohol, toxins, or parasites. Hepatitis
The distal portion of the small intestine extending from the jejunum to the cecum. ileum
A fungal infection in the mouth and throat (caused byCandida albicans ) producing sore, creamy white, slightly raised curdlike patches on the tongue and other oral mucosal surfaces. thrush
A rotation of loops of bowel causing a twisting on itself that results in an intestinal obstruction. volvulus
Appendix appendic/o or append/o
Bile bil/i or chol/e
cec/o Cecum
col/o or colon/o Colon
Gallbladder Cholecyst/o
Duodenum duoden/o
enter/o Intestines
esophag/o Esohpagus
Stomach gastr/o
Gloss/o tongue
Which of the following test is used to detect hidden blood in the stool Stool analysis for occult blood
A protrusion of part of the stomach through the diaphragm is called a? Hiatal Hernia
How many teeth are there in the primary dentition? 20
Which of the following terms describes the upper portion of the stomach? Fundus
The structure that prevents the flow of waste from the large intestine back into the small intestine is the? Ileocecal sphincter
Which of the following terms means the twisting of the intestine causing an obstruction? Volvulus
The yellow discoloration of the skin caused by greater-than-normal quantities of bilirubin in the blood is called? Jaundice
Which of the following terms describes the audible abdominal sound caused by hyperactive intestinal peristalsis? Borborygmus
Which of the following terms describes the epigastric discomfort sometimes felt after eating? Dyspepsia
The liver stores excess glucose as? Glycogen
Which of he following forms of hepatitis is transmited by poor ygiene or contaminated water? Hepatitis A
Which of the following diagnostic studies includes the esophagus? Barium swallow
The decreased mobility of the lower esophagus and constriction of the lower esophageal sphincter is called: Achalasia
Which of the following terms is the medical name for canker sores? Aphthous stomatitis
The fingerlike projections of the small intestine that surround blood capillaries are called? Villi
Created by: LGlenn