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Chapter 23 medterm

AnswerQuestion
mental disorder disturbances of emotional stability, as manifested in maladaptive behavior and impaired functioning.
psychology the study of behavior and the processes of the mind as they relate to the individual's social and physical enviornment.
psychologist A professional who specializes in the study of the structure and function of the brain and related mental processes.
compensation an effort to overcome, or make up for, real or imagined inadequacies.
denial a refusal to admit or acknowledge the reality of something, thus avoiding emotional conflict or anxiety.
displacement the process of transferring a feeling or emotion from the original idea or object to a substitute idea or object.
projection the act of transferring one's own unacceptable thoughts or feelings to someone else.
repression involuntary blocking of unpleasant feelings and experiences from one's own conscious mind.
supression the voluntary blocking of unpleasant feelings and experiences from one's own mind.
affect observable evidence of a person's feelings or emotions
amnesia loss of memory caused by severe emotional trauma, brain injury, substance abuse, or reaction to medications or toxins.
anorexia nervosa a disorder characterized by an emotional disturbance concerning body image; prolonged refusal to eat followed by extreme weight loss, and a lingering fear of becoming obese.
anxiety disorders disorders characterized by chronic worry.
apathy absence or suppression of observable emotion, feeling, concern, or passion.
compulsions irresistible, repetative, irrational impulses to perform an act.
delirium a state of frenzied excitement or wild enthusiasm.
delusion a persistent abnormal belief or perception is firmly held by a person despite evidence to the contrary.
euphoria a sense of well-being or elation.
exhibitionism a sexual disorder involving the exposure of one's genitals to a stranger.
frotteurism a sexual disorder in which the person gains sexual stimulationor excitement by rubbing against a nonconsenting person.
hallucination a subjective perception of something that does not exist in the external enviornment
malingeing a willful and deliberate faking of symptoms of a disease or injury to gain some consciously desired end.
mutism inability to speak
obsession a persistent thought or idea with which the mind is continually and involuntarily preoccupied.
paraphilia sexual perversion or deviation; a condition in which the sexual instinct is expressed in ways that are socially prohibited, unacceptable, or biologically undesirable.
pedophillia a sexual disorder in which the individual is sexually aroused and engages in sexual activity with children.
phobia an anxiety dsorder characterized by an obsessive, irrational, and intense fear of a specific object, activity, or physical situation.
schizophrenia any of a large group of psychotic disorders characerized by a gross distortion of reality, disturbances of language and communitcation, and withdrawal from social interaction.
tolerance the ability to endure unusually large doses of a drug without apparent adverse effects.
cata- down, under, against, lower
hypn/o sleep
-mania a mental disorder; madness
ment/o mind
neur/o nerves
phil/o attraction to
-phobia abnormal fear
-phoria emotional state
psych/o mind
schiz/o split, divided
somat/o body
-thymia condition of the mind or will
ADD attention deficit-disorder
ADHD attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
CA chronological age
CNS central nervous system
IQ intelligence quotient
MA mental age
OCD obsessive-compulsive disorder
Created by: TaylerRae