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Paige ch10

QuestionAnswer
excessive level of fat in the blood hyperlipidemia
small flaps on the valves of the heart cusp
which is the structure is called the pacemaker of the heart sinoatrial node
compression of the heart caused by accumulation of blood or other fluid within pericardial sac cardiac tamponade
reduction in heart pumping ability is called congestive heart failure
inflammation of the lining and valves of the heart endocarditis
a small, lightweight, electronic device thats place in the skin muscle in the chest implantable cardioverter defibrillator
ventricles contract during ______ phase of the cardiac cycle. systolic
abnormal opening between the pulmonary artery and the aorta patent ductus arteriosus
imflammation of a vein associated with a clot formation thrombophlebitis
localized dilatation of an artery aneurysm
deoxygenated blood enters the right atrium
abnormal sound or murmur heard when listening to a carotid artery bruit
imflammation of the heart muscles carditis
the period of relaxation of the heart diastole
inner level of the pericardium epicardium
high blood pressure hypertension
low blood pressure hypotension
localized area of necrosis(death) in tissue infarction
the middle, muscular layer of the heart myocardium
double membrane sac that encloses the heart and the origins of the great blood vessels pericardium
pacemaker of the heart SA node
a wall, or partition, that divides or separates two cavities septum
contraction phase of the heart systole
structure that enters the septum and then divides into right and left bundles bundle of his
cardiac cycle do the ventricles relax and fill with blood diastolic
valves is located between the right atrium and the right ventricle tricuspid
valves is located between the left atrium and left ventricle bicuspid
severe pain and constriction around the heart, subsides when the cause of pain is removed angina pectoris
pressure of arterial walls during ventricular contraction systolic pressure
fatty deposits that bluid up within the arterial wall atherosclerosis
hardening of the arteries arteriosclerosis
hypertension with kidney disease secondary hypertension
premature atrial contractions PACs
BBB Bundle branch block
CAD coronary artery disease
CHD coronary heart disease
ICD imjplantable cardioversion defrillator
HCVD hypertensive cardiovascular disease
myocardial infarction MI
sinoatrial SA
anastomosis surgical joining of two ducts, blood vessels, or bowel segments to allow flow from one to the other
a procedure in which a small balloon to open a partially blocked coronary artery angioplasty
arteries large, thick-walled vessels that carry the blood away from the heart
arterioles continue on their path away from the heart they branch into smaller vessels
bradycardia slow heart rate
capillaries thin-walled blood vessels
fibrillation very rapid, tremulous, and incomplete contractions of the heart
hepatomegaly enlargement of the liver
ischemia decreased supply of oxygenated blood to a body part or an organ
lumen space within an artery, a vein, an intestice, or a tube
occlusion closure, or state of being closed
pallor lack of color; paleness
tachycardia rapid heart beat
thrombphlebitis imflammation of a vein associated with the formation of a thrombus (clot)
varicose veins abnormally swollen veins, usually occuring in te legs.
vasoconstriction narrowing of the lumen of a blood vessel
venules smallest veins that collect the deoxygenated blood from cells and take back to the heart