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LCC1 Terms


Allegory A narrative verse or prose in which the literal events consistently point to a parallel sequence of symbolic ideas.
Allusion A brief reference in a text to a person, place or thing.
Apostrophe A direct address to someone or something.
Connotation An association or additional meaning that a word, image, or phrase may carry.
Denotation The literal, dictionary meaning of a word.
Diction Word choice or vocabulary.
Tone The attitude toward a subject conveyed in a literary work.
Epiphany A moment of insight, discovery or revelation.
Flashback A scene relived in character's memory.
Genre A conventional combination or literary form and subject matter, usually aimed at creating certain effects.
Hyberbole (Overstatement) Exaggeration used to emphasis a point.
Imagery The collection of a set of images, usually in a poem.
In Media Res "In the midst of things" Refers to a narrative device of beginning a story midway in the events it depicts (usually at an exciting moment) before explaining the context.
Irony A literary device in which a discrepancy of meaning is masked beneath the surface of the language.
Metonymy Figure of speech in which the name of a thing is substituted for that another closely associated with it. (ex: The White House decided vs. The President decided)
Narrative (and Narrator) One of the four types of poetry. And a voice or character that provides the reader with information and insight about the characters.
Persona "Mask" A fictitious character created by an author to be the speaker of a poem, story, or novel. It is always a narrator of the work and not a character in it.
Plot The arrangement of actions, events, and situations that unfold in a narrative.
Setting The time and place of a literary work.
Style All the distinct ways an author uses to create a literary work.
Novel An extended work of fictional prose narrative. (book length)
Epistolary Novel Novel in which the story is told by the way of letters written by one or more of the characters.
Nonfiction Novel Actual events are presented. (Based on a true event)
Apprenticeship Novel This genre of novel depicts a youth who struggles towards maturity.
Picaresque Novel The narrator of this novel presents the life of a likable scoundrel who is at odds with society. Usually recounts adventures tricking the rich and gullible.
Novella A prose narrative longer than a short story, but shorter than a novel.
Epic Novel Traces the adventures of a legendary or mystic hero.
Fable A brief narrative told to illustrate a moral.
Parable A brief, usually allegorical narrative that teaches a moral. The moral theme can be interpreted in many ways. (ex: The Prodical Son)
Tale A short narrative without a complex plot. It has less developed characters and linear plotting.
Nonfiction Novel Events are not real.
Short Story A prose narrative too brief to be publishes in a separate volume. Usually presents one or two main characters.
Subplot (Double Plot) A second story or plotline that is complete and interesting in it's own right, but doesn't defer from the main plot.
Synecdoche The use of a significant part of a thing to stand for the whole or it or vice versa. (ex: To say wheels for CAR or rhyme for poetry)
Theme A reoccuring subject or idea
Tone The attitude towards a subject.
Understatement An ironic figure of speech that deliberately describes something in a way that is less than the true case.
Free verse Describes poetry that organizes its lines without meter. May be rhymed, but usually not.
Prose Poetry Poetic language printed in prose paragraphs, but displaying the careful attention to sound, imagery and figurative language.
Visual Poetry Refers to sense of sight or presents something one may see.
Monometer A verse meter consisting of one metrical foot, or one primary stress per line.
Dimeter A verse containing two metrical feet.
Trimeter Three metrical feet
Tetrameter Four metrical feet of verse
Pentameter Five metrical feet in a verse
Hexameter Six metrical feet
Heptameter Seven metrical feet
Octameter Eight metrical feet
Nonameter Nine metrical feet
Decameter Ten metrical feet in a verse.
Form The means by which a literary work conveys its meaning.
Blank Verse The most common and well known meter of unrhymed poetry in English. It contains 5 iambic feet per line and is never rhymed. (Blank means unrhymed)
Free Verse Describes poetry that organizes its lines without meter.
Haiku A Japanese form that has 3 unrhymed lines of 5,7, and 5 syllables.
Limerick A short, usually comical verse of 5 anapestic lines usually rhyming aabba. (3,3,2,2,3)
Epigram A very short poem usually ending with some sharp turn of wit or meaning.
Triolet A short lyric form of 8 rhymed lines borrowed from the french. Often playful.
Dactylic A metrical foot of verse in which one stressed syllable is followed by two unstressed syllables.
Exact Rhyme A full rhyme in which the sounds following the initial letters of the words are identical in sound (ex: follow, hollow)
Slant Rhyme A rhyme in which the final consonant sounds are the same but the vowel sounds are different (ex: litter, letter)
End Rhyme Rhyme that occurs at the ends of lines, rather than within them.
Italian sonnet (Petrarchan sonnet) A sonnet with the following rhyme pattern: abba, abba for the first eight lines (the octave), the final six lines(the sestet) may follow any pattern
English sonnet (Shakespearean) Has a rhyme scheme organized into 3 quatrains with the final couplet: abab,cdcd,efef,gg.
Stanza "stopping place" A recurring pattern of 2 or more lines of verse.
Couplet A 2 line stanza in poetry usually rhymed, which tends to have lines of equal length.
Tercet A group of 3 lines of verse, usually all ending with the same rhyme.
Quatrain A stanza consisting of 4 lines. Most common stanzas in English poetry.
Sestet A poem or stanza of 6 lines.
Octave A stanza of eight lines
Antagonist The most significant character or force that opposes the protagonist in a narrative or drama.
Apostrophe A direct address to someone or something
Aside In drama, a few words or short passage spoken in undertone to the audience.
Characterization The techniques a writer uses to create, reveal, and develop the characters.
Moral A paraphrasable message or lesson implied or directly stated in a literary work.
Motivation What a character in a story/drama wants.
Protagonist The central character in a literary work.
Scene In drama, a division of the action in an act of the play.
Stock Character A common or stereotypical character that occurs frequently in literature (ex: a mad scientist)
Understatement An ironic figure of speech that deliberately describes something in a way that is less that the true case.
Comedy A literary work aimed at amusing an audience.
Burlesque Incongruous imitation of either the style or subject matter of a serious genre.
Comedy of Manners A realistic form of comic drama that flourished with 17th century playwrights.
Commedia A form of comic drama developed by guilds of professional Italian actors in the mid 16th century.
Farce A type of comedy featuring exaggerated character types in ludicrous and improbably situations.
High Comedy A comic genre evoking laughter from an audience. No intellectual appeal
Low Comedy A comic style using slapstick jokes. Has intellectual appeal.
Romantic Comedy A form of comic drama in which the plot focuses on a pair of young lovers who overcome difficulties to a happy ending.
Slapstick A kind of farce comedy involving pie throwing or other violent action
Satire A genre using derisive humor to ridicule human weakness and folly or attack political injustices.
Tragedy The representation of serious and important actions that lead to a disastrous end for the protagonist.
Tragicomedy A type of drama that combines elements of both tragedy and comedy.
Melodrama Originally a stage featuring background music and sometimes songs to underscore the emotion of each scene. Weak in characterization, but strong on action, suspense, and passion.
Created by: ashkay82



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