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sewing questions 2

sewing questions for state test

What is a tailor's ham used for? to press curved areas
What is a pressing cloth used for? to protect the iron and the fabric
Why is distilled water used in an iron? to prevent mineral buildup in the iron
Where can you find the information on amount of fabric to buy? The pattern envelopeThe pattern envelope
What is a fabric with a nap? Fuzzy fabrics or fabrics with a raised grain.
When do you need to buy additional fabric? When your fabric has a nap, directional prints,or plaids
What is ease in a pattern? fullnes added to a pattern to allow for movement and comfort
When selecting a pattern size for a shirt or dress, what body measurement should you use? the chest\bust measurement
Why should you preshrink fabric? to get the shrinkage out before you cut it out
What do the layout illustrations tell you? Where to place the pattern pieces on the fabric
With a nap or directional fabric, how do you place the pattern pieces on the fabric? all going in the same direction
How is the grainline aligned to the selvege? parallel
These fabrics all have what same quality?-velvet, corduroy, terry cloth, polar fleece they all have a nap
How do you cut out notches on a pattern piece? cut them away from the seam allowance
Where do natural fibers come from? Plants, animals, minerals
What type of fibers are cotton, linen, wool, silk? natural
What types of fabrics are nylon, polyester, rayon, acrylic, spandex, acetate? synthetic fibers
This natural fiber is cheap, absorbs moisture, comfortable, strong, suitable for summer clothes. Cotton
This fiber comes from the flax plant, wrinkles easily, expensive Flax
These fibers are made from chemicals, less absorbent, press at low temperature Synthetic
This the the strongest synthetic fiber, used in sports wear Nylon
This synthetic fiber washes easily, resists wrinkling, retains oily stains, often blended with cotton. Polyester
Made from the silk worm, luxury fabric, beautiful colors, weakened by the sun Silk
This synthetic fiber looks and feels like wool, used in sweaters, machine wash Acrylic
Synthetic fiber made from wood pulp, not strong, can resemble silk or cotton Rayon
Synthetic fiber used in activewear, swimwear, avoid chlorine, heat Spandex
Synthetic fiber is a silk look-alike, formal wear,linings, dry clean only Acetate
Two or more yarns woven at right angles Weave
What is a selvege? tightly woven edge of fabric, parallel to lenthwise grain
What part of a woven fabric has the most stretch? The bias
How do you find the bias of a woven fabric? 45 degree angle to the selvege
This fabric is made by needles into a series of interlocking loops. knit fabric
This type of fabric does not need a seam finish, need to use a ball point needle with it, is stretchy knit fabric
This type of fabric is made when fibers are pressed together using heat and moisture Non-wovens, like felt and nonwoven interfacing
Created by: anniejames