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unit 5

business essentials

hardware the physical components of a computer system (the central processing unit hard drive and modern )
software programs that instruct computers to perform specific operations
data facts and figures
database computerized storage for information and facts
data migration the process of transferring data between storage types formats or computer systems
data processing Handling information especially facts, converting facts and figures into useful information analyzing collected facts and figures and putting them into formats useful to a business
intranet network similar to the internet that is accessible only by authorized personal used to access information and communicate with others within a organization a computer network that is restricted to the organization it serves an internal internet
computer system consists of hardware (physical parts of the computer ) and software (programs and data used with the physical computer)
input devices keyboard mouse scanners cameras joysticks and microphones a piece of equipment used to provide data and control signals to an information processing system
output device monitor printer speakers any piece pf computer hardware equipment which converts information into human readable form
central processing unit (CPU) a particular computer will have a particular type of processor
main memory closely connected to the processor stored data are quickly and easily changed holds the programs and data that the processor is actively working with
motherboard component's are connected to the main circuit board of the computer
processor contain billions of transistors responsible for the fundamental computing within the system and directly or indirectly controls all the other components
RAM (random access memory) random means that the memory cells can be accessed in any order and the type of silicon chip used to implement main memory
ROM( read only memory) used to make a section of main memory read-only .
secondary memory connected to main memory stored data are easily changed but changes are slow compared to main memory and used for long term storage of programs and data
application programs programs that people use to get their work done
embedded system a computer system that is part of a larger machine and which controls how that machine operates
network consists of two or more computers connected so that they can exchange data and programs
operating system responsible for starting for starting up application programs running them and managing the resources that they need
world wide web (WWW) a collection of websites or web pages stored in web servers and connected to local computers through the internet
Search engines a software program on the internet that allows you to search documents and files for keywords and returns files that match
uniform resources locator (URL) used to identify it and link to web page
viruses a piece of code which is capable of copying itself and typically has a detrimental effect such as corrupting the system or destroying data
browsers software program that allow you to view webpages such as internet explorer safari Firefox or google chrome
keywords ideas and topics that define what your content is about
address book store your contacts which makes it easy to correspond and share contact information with others
attachments files included with emails
distribution lists help you email multiple people at once
word processor enable users to enter and store written work into many types of documents (cover letters/ letter of applications resumes with MS word /google docs)
presentation software software used to create a sequence of text graphics and often audio and video to accompany a speech or public presentation (google slides, MS PowerPoints, pezi)
spreadsheet file made of rows links to an external site and column links to an external sites that help sort organize and arrange data efficiently and calculate numerical links to an external site data (expenses math listing items with google sheets / MS excel)
cells a rectangular area formed by the intersection of a column and a row
column contain definitions of each field
formulas an equation that makes calculations based on the data in your spreadsheet
database designed to create databases and to store manage search and extract the information contained within them (MS access ,PowerPoint)
telecommuting working from home or remote location
technology the practical application of science to society and industry
internet telephony technology that allows users to communicate over the internet rather than through traditional public networks
voice over internet protocol (VolP) technology that allows users to make telephone calls over the internet
network a system of computers connected together by telephone wires, cable wires, wires, or other means
database computerized storage for information and facts
expert system computer software designed to mimic to knowledge of human expert
hardware the physical components of a computer system (eg the central processing unit, hard drive , modem)
software programs that instruct computers to perform specific operations
computer-aided design (CAD) the use of computer software to control machines tools and processes involved in manufacturing products
computer-aided manufacturing (CAM) the use of computers software to control machines tools and processes involving in manufacturing
Global positioning system (GPS) a navigational system that uses satellite technology to determine location and provide directions
personal identification number (PIN) a number you choose to gain access to an account
satellite an object into orbit by human most are used for communications purposes
smartphone a mobile phone with advanced capabilities such as accessing the internet
Created by: melina.n499
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