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State Test Terms

State Test Terms 2010

Expository Writing A type of writing used to explain, inform describe or give information.
Narrative Writing A type of writing that telss a story or part of a story.
Persuasive Writing A type of writing that a writer takes a position for or against an issue and writes to convince the reader to believe or do something.
Plot The sequence of events in a story.
Setting Where and when the story takes place, historical context, dates, times, locations.
Narrator A speaker or character that tells the story.
Point of View The perspective from which the story is told.
Conflict The tension/conflict or problem of the story.
Internal Conflict Conflict or struggle that takes place within a person.
External Conflict The conflict or problem that exists between 2 people or 2 ouutside sources.
Protagonist The main character, ususally the most important character of the story.
Antagonist A character that has a conflict with the protagonist, the bad guy.
Characterization The creating of a character in a work of literature.
Character Trait A character's personality, not a physical description of the character.
Dialouge A conversation between 2 or more characters.
Flashback A section of the story that interrupts the current events to relate an earlier event.
Mood The feeling you get when reading the story.
Theme The author's message or lesson he wants youto learn.
Exposition Opening portion of the story, gives background information about characters, setting ect.
Foreshadowing Hints or clues an author give about what will happen in the future.
Rising Action A series of events that builds from the conflict.
Climax The turning point in athe story, highest point of interest of the story.
Falling Action The events after the climax that close the story.
Genre Type or classification of literature or art.
Tone The author's attitude toward the subject they are writing about.
Irony A difference between what is expected to happen and what actually happens.
Initiating Event The event that starts the story in motion.
Resolution Part of the story where all the loose ends are tied up and conflicts resolved.
Hyperbole HUGE Exaggeration
Imagery Words the author uses that appeal to the 5 senses.
Simile Comparison using the words like or as
Metaphor Comparison that states on thing is another.
Idiom Phrase not meant to be taken literally.
Personification Giving human characteristics to something that is not human.
Onomatopoeia Words that represent sounds.
Symbolism When one thing stands for another.
SEquence Order of events.
Problem Solution Stating a problem and listing ways to solve the problem.
Comparison Contrast Emphasize similarities and differences.
Description Words used to describe something.
Cause and Effect Shows Reason for and the reults of the actins.
Bandwagon Approach Everyone is doing it.
Statistics Numbers are used, Stats, percentages.
Glittering Generalities Feel good words, Fluffy.
Testimonials Famous person represents a product, testify, give your opinion about a product.
Appeals to reason Can be proven.
Appeals to Emotion Attention to get an emotional response.
Fact or Opinion Fact can be proven, opinion is ones bias, what you think
Bias Taking sides, prejudice.
Subplot Additional activity that happens within the story.
Parallel Episodes Similiar things happening at the same time but in different places.
Flat Character Character with only 1 outstanding trait.
Round Character Complex character, lots of details about, usually the main character.
First Person Point of View The narrator is a character in the story telling the story.
Third Person Point of View The narrator is outside the story, report on the events.
Connotation Feeling you get when you hear a word.
Denotation Dictionary meaning of a word.
Alliteration Repetition of the consonant sounds.
Pun A play on words, word that has 2 meanings...
Stereotype a collection of traits or mannerisms.
Created by: five4fun



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