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Biology EOC Review

Review of EOC vocabulary

QuestionAnswer
The molecule that stores genetic information within a cells nucleus DNA
The organelle that converts glucose sugar into ATP energy for the cell Mitochondria
The organelle found only in plants that converts sunlight, water and oxygen into glucose chloroplast
the part of a cell that surround and holds in all the contents of the cell. Made of a selectively permeable membrane cell membrane
a part of a plant cell that surrounds the cell and provides rigid support and structure cell wall
site of protein synthesis ribosome
the energy molecule of a cell ATP
the fluid that surrounds the organelles inside of the cell cytoplasm
The organelle that contains the genetic information for a cell Nucleus
A location for storage in a cell. Plants are very large and central, animals a many and small vacuole
contains digestive enzymes for breaking down waste materials in a cell lysosome
the movement of molecules from a high concentration to a low concentration diffusion
the movement of molecules from a high concentraion to a low concentration through a specialized channel protein facilitated diffusion
a membrane that allows some things to pass through and other things not is refered to as selectively permeable
the movement of water from high concentrations to low concentrations osmosis
the movement of molecules from a low concentration to a high concentration; requires energy active transport
the pressure exerted by a large central vacuole in plants turgor pressure
the type of material that makes up the cell membrane phospholipid bilayer
a charged molecule that cannot pass easily through a membrane ion
process in cells that takes place in the mitochondria and requires glucose and oxygen cellular respiration
process in cells that takes place in the chloroplast and requires water, carbon dioxide and light photosynthesis
sugar involved in cellular respiration and photosynthesis glucose
the pigment in plants that allows for photosynthesis chlorophyll
the process in which DNA sequences are copied to mRNA sequences Transcription
The process when mRNA sequence is copied into an amino acid sequence (protein) Translation
The term for the DNA subunit made up of a sugar molecule, a phosphate and a nitrogenous base nucleotide
an amino acid sequence protein
the monomers or building blocks of proteins amino acids
the sequence of three base pairs in a mRNA sequence codon
the sequence of three base pairs in a tRNA sequence anticodon
having two copies of each chromosome diploid
having one copy of each chromosome haploid
mitosis begins with one ____________ and creates two daughter cells parent cell
when DNA packs together tightly for cell division the unit is called a chromosome
the process the begins with one cell and produces two identical diploid daughter cells mitosis
the process that begins with one parent cell and produces four haploid cells meiosis
haploid sex cells such as sperm or egg gamete
the process when two haploid gametes combine to form a diploid cell fertilization
reproductive process that requires no mate and each offspring is identical to parent asexual reproduction
reproductive process that requires a mate and each offspring is different than parents sexual reproduction
combination of all the biotic and abiotic factors ecosystem
a group of organisms of the same species population
relationship where both organisms benefit mutualism
relationship where one organism benefits and the other is neither harmed nor benefited commensalism
relationship where organism benefits while the other is harmed parasitism
an organism that can create its own energy producer
an organism that must eat to survive consumer
a nonliving factor in an environment abiotic
a living factor in an environment biotic
the variable that is changed/manipulated by the experiementer independent variable
the variable that changes in result of the experiment dependent variable
another term for a predection in an experiment hypothesis
the group you keep "normal" to compare to control group
a type of graph with continuous data sets as the dependent variable line graph
a type of graph with discontinuous data sets as the dependent variable bar graph
Created by: mhermanson