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Typography Anatomy

Typographic Terms

QuestionAnswer
Area where two angled strokes come together at the top of a letter is called a(n) Apex
A projecting horizontal stroke that is unattached on of or both ends, as in the letters T, K, and E Arm
A stroke on a lowercase letter that rises above the meanline Ascender
An imaginary line upon which the base of each capital letter rests Baseline
A curved stroke enclosing the counter form of a letter (positive space.) An exception is the bottom form of the lowercase roman g, which is called the loop. Bowl, open or closed
An imaginary line that runs along the tops of the capital letters capline
the negative space that is fully or partially enclosed by a letterform counter
the horizontal stroke connecting two sides of the letterform (as in e, A, and H) or bisecting the main stroke (as in f ant t) Crossbar
a stroke on a lowercase letterform that falls below the baseline descender
a small stroke that projects from the upper right side of the bowl of the lowercase roman g or r ear
the (negative) enclosed part of the lowercase e eye
the contoured edge that connects the serif and stem in the bracketed serifs fillet/bracket
the thinnest stroke within a typeface that has strokes of varying weights hairline
the lower diagonal stroke on the letter k leg
a typographic character produced by conbining two or more letters ligature
the stroke that connects the bowl and the loop of a lowercase roman g link
bottom form of the lowercase letter g loop, open or closed
an imaginary line that establishes the eight of the body of lowercase letters meanline
"feet" of a letter serifs
a curved stroke projecting from a stem as in the letter R shoulder
the central curved stroke of the letter s spine
a projection - smaller than a serif - that reinforces the point at the end of a curved stroke, as in the capitol letter G spur
a major vertical or diagonal stroke in the letter form stem
any of the linear elements within a letterform; originally, any mark or dash made by the movement of a pen or brush in writing stroke
a diagonal stroke on the upper case Q tail
the end of anystroke that does not terminate with a serif terminal
the distance from the baseline to the mealine. typically, this is the height of lowercase letters and most easily measured on the lowercase x x-height
thinner stroke in a letter hairline stroke
thicker stroke on a letter stem stroke
without feet sans serif
the end terminals on the right side of an uppercase F vertical terminal
the bottom of the main stroke of an upper case F horizontal stroke
the extended top of a lower case 'a' that is squared squared terminal
the extended top of a lower case 'a' that is rounded rounded terminal
the extended top of a lower case 'a' that is slight angled right to left sheared terminal
the extended top of a lower case 'a' that is rounded with the negative space being pushed in more than a ball ball terminal
the extended top of a lower case 'a' that is in the shape of a fat teardrop teardrop terminal
transitional area found where the stroke gently curves into the serif bracket
slightly bowed arch on a serif cupped arch
a flat serif flat bottom edge
thin serif no bracket didot
equal weight stroke and seri lubalin
a horizontal stroke intersecting the main stroke is called a cross stroke
a letter 'o' that is slightly askew, diaganol acute stress
an 'o' that has a center line at a 45 degree angle no stress
the contained space, the negative space, of a letter counter
the nearly contained space, the negative space, of a letter open counter
the negative space of a letter form where to letters meet, such as in a W crotch
the negative space of a letter form where to letters meet, with greater than a 90 degree angle obtuse crotch
the negative space of a letter form where to letters meet, smaller than a 90 degree angle acute crotch
Area where two angled strokes come together at the bottom of a letter is called a(n) vertex
half serif found at the terminal of a straight horizontal stroke is called a(n) beak
the serif on a curved terminal is called a(n) barb
Created by: 1566990093