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Poetry Terms to Know

Definitions and Examples for Poetry Terms

A passing or casual reference AllusionExample: Christy didn't like to spend money. She was no Scrooge (allusion to a character in Charles Dickens' A Christmas Carol), but she seldom bought something that was not a necessity.
Unrhymed verse Blank Verse
Major form of Japenese verse; written in 17 syllables divided into 3 lines of 5, 7, and then 5 syllables.Example:Sitting at my houseHungry, I hear the doorbellIt's here. My pizza. Haiku
Method by which the meaning of an unknown word is figured out by using other words or sentences Context Clues
Pattern of rhymes used in a poem. Rhyme Scheme
Figure of speech in which something is compared to something else that suggests a resemblance MetaphorExample: She is rail thin.
A material object representing something (usually an idea) SymbolExample: a heart is a symbol for love
Figure of speech in which two unlike things are plainly compared (using like or as) SimileExample: She is as big as a house.
Particular style or manner of writing or speaking Tone
A distinctive emotional quality or character Mood
Formation of mental images, figures, or likenesses of things Imagery
Attribution of a personal nature or character to inanimate objects or abstract notions (giving inanimate objects human like qualities) Personifiction
The formation of a word; sound words OnomatopoeiaExample: BOOM, BUZZ, CRACK
The commencement of 2 or more stressed syllables to a word group either with the same consonant sound or sound group AlliterationExample: Dreary Days Drag me Down
rhyme in which the same vowel sounds are used with different consonants in the stressed syllables of the rhyming words AssonanceExample:And so, all the night-tide, I lie down by the sideOf my darling, my darling, my life and my bride.
Obvious and intentional exaggeration HyperboleExample: I would walk 500 miles just to see you.
Speech or writing that departs from literal meaning in order to achieve a special effect or meaning (use of hyperbole, metaphor, and simile) Figurative Language
Taken as true Literal
Created by: JessiR