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Science 1st quiz

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geologist A scientist who studies the forces that make and shape planet Earth
rock A scientist who studies the forces that make and shape planet Earth
geology The study of earth's history as revealed in the rocks that make up the earth
constructive force shape Earth's surface by building up mountains and land masses
destructive force Destroys and wears away land masses through a process like erosion and weathering
continent one of Earth's seven large land areas
seismic wave a ground vibration produced by an earthquake. The closer to the epicenter, the stronger these waves are felt.
pressure the force being exerted on some part of Earth's structure due to gravity or the movement of its layers.
crust The outermost layer of solid rock that includes both dry land and the ocean floor. The thinnest layer of the Earth.
basalt A dark, dense, igneous rock with a fine texture, found in oceanic crust.
granite the most abundant rock in the continental crust.
mantle The thick layer of hot, solid material between Earth's crust and core that has convection currents
Lithosphere The crust and upper mantle of the Earth that is solid and rigid.
asthenosphere The soft layer of the mantle on which the lithosphere floats.
outer core a layer of molten metal, mainly nickel and iron, that surrounds Earth’s inner core.
inner core A solid sphere of iron and nickel at the center of the earth.
heat transfer the movement of energy from a warmer object to a cooler object.
radiation Heat transport through empty space
conduction Heat transport by direct contact of energy from one particle to another, without moving the particle to a new location.
convection Heat transport by a heated fluid caused by a difference in temperature and density.
convection current Heat movement in a fluid material. Responsible for the movement of the Earth's Plates.
density The amount of mass in a given space.
Created by: brownjac10
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