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RICA domain 3

Concept Description
A fluent reader can: read accurately, at an appropriate rate, and with appropriate expression
fluency and comprehension correlation Non-fluent readers struggle to understand what he/she is reading.
Indicators of fluency Accuracy Rate Prosody
Accuracy pronouncing words correctly when reading orally
Rate appropriate speed, neither too fast or too slow (quickly decode words, read passages and sentences)
Prosody read with appropriate expression (emphasis in certain words, variation in pitch and pausing)
Factors that affect fluency weak word analysis skills not familiar with vocabulary lack of background knowledge lack of more complex sentences
Role of decodable text usually use with beginners readers using basic phonics skills and high frequency sight words
Role of systematic, explicit instruction involves frequent oral reading experiences and appropriate guidance and feedback from the teacher.
Silent reading and fluency providing the students with appropriate reading levels and hold students accountable for comprehension
Strategies to promote students fluency 1 teacher one-on-one or small group 2.Student read alone 3.Timed 4.Tape-Assisted Reading 5.Paired-Reading with a partner:
Strategies to build accuracy additional instruction in word identification skills. It can be done through explicit instruction in phonemic awareness, phonics, and sight words
Strategies to build rate Whisper reading (i.e., reading out loud to themselves) independent silent reading with accountability for comprehension
strategies to build prosody: teacher marks the text and explains the markings, then the teacher reads aloud modeling how to read with the marks.
how to meet everyone's needs 1. Differentiated Fluency 2. improve accuracy through additional word identification instruction 3. focus in recognizing sight words 4. Oral reading 5. Silent reading
how to help English learners in fluency provide differentiated fluency instruction to address their needs through explicitly teach English intonation patterns, phrasing, syntax, and punctuation
advanced learners and fluency use more advanced texts to enhance and broaden fluency development
key points about fluency assessments Is done through oral reading Measures: accuracy, rate, and prosody Can be done for entry-level, progress monitoring, and summative. Analysis of data should be standard-based (below, at, or above expectation)
Fluency by third grade students are expected to read aloud narrative and expository text fluently and accurately and with appropriate pacing, intonation, and expression.
How is fluency introduced? 1. identification of letters 2. single-syllable words with regular letter-sound correspondences and sight words 3.multisyllabic words 4. at all levels fluency instruction with phrases, sentences, and paragraphs
Created by: ricatestprep
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