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Chapter 03: Cells Patton: The Human Body in Health & Disease, 7th Edition Self-T

cytoplasm the internal living material of the cell
phospholipids substance that forms the framework of the plasma membrane
**plasma membrane function (check that answer is accurate **acts as the outer boundary of the cell; regulates what enters and leaves the cell; identifies a cell as belonging to an individual
organelle tiny structure found in the cytoplasm
ribosomes organelles that float in the cytoplasm and attach to the endoplasmic reticulum
lysosome the interior of this organelle contains various kinds of enzymes capable of breaking down all of the main components of the cell
golgi apparatus this organelle is involved in processing and packaging proteins for export out of the cell
mitochondria often referred to as the "power plant" of the cell, this organelle is the site of ATP production
diffusion the net movement of molecules from a region of higher concentration to a region of lower concentration
microvilli these are small fingerlike projections on the plasma membrane that increase surface area and aid in absorption
osmosis the net movement of water molecules from a region of high concentration to a region of lower concentration through a selectively permeable membrane
ion pump a(n) active transport process
phagocytosis the cell process that involves microorganisms or other large particles being engulfed
nitrogen base the component that distinguishes one DNA nucleotide from another
filtration process is the movement of water and solutes through a membrane by the force of hydrostatic pressure
transcription and translation two processes of protein synthesis
TAGCC if one side of a DNA molecule had a nucleotide sequence of ATCGG, the opposite side of the molecule would have this nucleotide sequence
interphase mitosis is subdivided into four phases except
centrioles these are paired organelles that are important in the moving of chromosomes during cell division
transfer RNA this type of RNA molecule moves from the nucleus to the ribosoms
messenger RNA this type of RNA molecule carries amino acids to the ribosome to help in protein synthesis
metaphase during this phase of mitosis, the chromosomes are aligned across the center of the cell
telophase this is the last phase of mitosis
anaphase during this phase of mitosis, chromosomes are pulled to opposite ends of the cell
prophase spindle fibers form during this phase of mitosis
Created by: cdilello
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