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Intro PP

Motor Speech Midterm

First step of Speech Intent
Second step of speech Linguistic-symbolic planning
Third step of speech Motor Planning
Fourth Step of speech Motor Programming
Fifth Step of Speech Execution
Intent Desire to communicate
Linguistic-Symbolic Planning Finding the words to speak
What results from damage at the level of linguistic/symbolic planning? Aphasia type impairments
Motor Planning What articulators are moving
What results from damage at the level of motor planning? Apraxia
Motor Programming Programming/sequencing muscle movement for articulation, including rate, tone, tension, and amplitude
What results from damage at the level of motor programming? Dysarthria, except for Flaccid
Execution Innervation of muscles, the muscles themselves move using CN innervation
What results from damage at the level of execution? Flaccid dysarthria
Dysarthria Collective group reflecting abnormalities in speech strength, speed, range, steadiness, tone, or accuracy
Dysarthria is not..... Failure of linguistic competence
3 things that are true of all dysarthria Neurologic in origin, disorder of movement, categorized into different types
2 ways to categorize dysarthria Distinguishable perceptual features, underlying neuropathophysiology
What is Apraxia? Impaired capacity to plan or program
Non-neurological disorders Musculoskeletal deficits, developmental arctic issues, non-neuro voice disorders
Dimensions of difference for dysarthria Age of onset, cause, natural course, size of lesion, neuro disease, pathophysiology, speech subsystems involved
Methods for dysarthria classification Perceptual and instrumental
Gold standard of dysarthria classification Auditory-perceptual
Supplementary or confirmatory support Instrumental methods
Major issue with auditory-perceptual Subject to unreliability of judgement from clinicians
Primary goal of speech treatment Intelligibility
Created by: morganmc3
Popular Speech Therapy sets




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