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ELA Literary Terms

Narrative Unit Exam Review

This is the central message or idea that the author is trying to convey through their piece of literature; it is also known as the universal truth. Theme
When one says something in a tone different from what is actually meant- it is also called sarcasm- Verbal Irony
This type of irony is when the audience knows something that the character does not- Dramatic Irony
This type of irony is when something unexpected happens- Situational Irony
This genre of literature includes: newspapers, warranties, encyclopedias, and dictionaries; all pieces of literature that are based on fact. non-fictional (informational text)
This genre of literature includes all pieces of literature that are created and not based on fact, for example- historical fiction, science fiction, fantasy, realistic fiction, and romance. Fiction
A comparison using “like”, “as”, or "than". Simile
A comparison not using “like” or “as”. Metaphor
The narrator participates in the action of the story, “I”. First person point of view
The narrator knows more than one character's thoughts and feelings; all-knowing. Third person omniscient point of view
The narrator knows what is happening in the story, but it is limited. The narrator only knows the thoughts and feelings of one character. Third person limited point of view
A character's traits are revealed through their speech, thoughts, effect on others, actions, and/or looks Indirect Characterization
A character's traits are directly told to the reader. Direct Characterization
In this part of a story, the reader learns about the setting (where and when), the basic situation, and the characters. Exposition
Character vs. Character, Character vs. Nature, Character vs. Society, Character vs. Machine External Conflict
Character vs. Himself/Herself Internal Conflict
At this point of a story, the characters' problems are solved. Resolution
The sequence of events that make up a story. Plot
Events leading up to the climax of the story; they are little conflicts or complications. Rising Action
The moment when the tension is at its peak. It is often the point where the main conflict is about to be resolved. Climax
The events that happen after the climax. They lead to the ending of the story. Falling Action
This is the “good guy” in the story. It is the character that the reader usually cares most about. There can be more than one. Protagonist
This is often the “bad guy” in a story. He/She is usually the rival of the protagonist. There can be more than one. Antagonist
This is the feeling of anticipation in a person as he/she reads a story. It is the feeling of being ‘hooked’ into the story and not being able to wait to see what happens next. It is that on-the-edge-of-your-seat feeling. Suspense
When an author gives a reader hints at what will happen later in the story. This helps to keep the reader predicting what might happen and makes the reader want to continue reading. Foreshadowing
During the exposition of a story, the reader learns the where and when. This is known as— Setting
When a writer uses an object to represent something else, such as an idea or a concept. This is known as- Symbol/Symbolism
In The True Story of the Three Little Pigs, Al T. Wolf knocks on the First Little Pig's door. This occurs in the story's- Rising Action
In The True Story of the Three Little Pigs, Al T. Wolf gets upset with the Third Little Pig. When he starts huffing and puffing, the police show up. This occurs in the story's- Climax
The True Story of the Three Little Pigs takes place in a small neighborhood in "Once upon a time" time. This is the story's- Setting
In The Paper Bag Princess, Robert Munsch conveys the message that beauty is only skin deep. This is also known as the story's- Theme
In The True Story of the Three Little Pigs, Al T. Wolf ends up in jail and is still looking for a cup of sugar. This is the story's- Resolution
In The True Story of the Three Little Pigs, Al's story of eating the two little pigs ends up in the newspaper. He claims that it is exaggerated. This happens in the story's- Falling Action
In "Three Skeleton Key" the narrator is also the - Protagonist
In "Three Skeleton Key" the rats are the story's- Antagonists
When speaking to the reader, Al T. Wolf justifies eating the pigs for dinner. What type of conflict did he most likely experience before gobbling them up? Internal Conflict
In The Paper Bag Princess, Elizabeth has an external conflict with the dragon. What type of external conflict is this? Character vs. Character
In "Three Skeleton Key" we learn about the narrator through his speech, thoughts, effect on others, actions, and looks. What type of characterization is this? Indirect Characterization
When the story, The Paper Bag Princess, begins, the reader learns that Elizabeth's prince, Prince Ronald, has just been captured by a dragon and her castle has been burned down. This occurs in the story's- Exposition
Created by: moliphant