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Flexibility and Stretching - Health and Fitness

flexibility the range of motion possible about a joint
ROM Range of Motion - the number of degrees that an articulation (joint) will allow one of its segments to move
static flexibility range of motion- about the joint when speed is invollved during physical performance strenght power neuromucsler
dynamic flexibility the range of motion about a joint when speed is involved during physicl performance; strenght, power, neuromuscular coodination, and tissue resistance are all factors.
synovial fluid transparent, viscous lubericating fluif found in joint cavities bursge, and tendon sheaths
stretch weakness the weakening effect on muscles remaining in the elogated position for an extended period of time.
connective tissue the tissue that binds together and supports various structures of the body (e.g, ligaments and tendons)
tendon strong fibrous connective tissue that attaches a muscle to a bone.
ligament a connective tissue that attaches a muscle to a bone
fascia a sheet or band of fibrous tissue that lies deep to the skin forms an attachment for muscle and organs.
viscoelastic a combination of elastic and plastic properites found in all connective tissue
myotatic stretch reflex muscular reflex created by excessive muscle spindle simulation to prevent potential tissue damange
golgi tendon organ a sensory organ with in a tendon that when stimulated causes an inhibition of the entire muscle group to protect too much force
muscle spindles the sensory organ with in a muscle that is sentive to strech and thus protects the muscle group from being streched too far.
reciprocal innervation reflex co- acting with the strech reflex to inhidit activity of an opposing muscle group
reciprocal inhibition reflex co-acting with strech reflex to inhibit activity of an opposing group.
autogenic inhibition an automatic reflex realxion caused by excessive simtional of gologi tendons organs GTOS
possive streching a streching in which the elastic componets of the muscle are relaxed and the portion of muscle most likely to be loaded is the connective tissue (e.g, a staic strech).
active streching a streching of muscle and tissue that requires muscle contraction through a range of motion no outside force is involved
static streching a low- force long- duration strech that holds the desired muscle at their greates possible lenght for at lest 15 to 30 secounds
ballistic streching a high force, short-duration strech using rapid bouching movements
pro[rioceptive neuromuscular facilition (pNf) a method of promothing the response of neuromus uscular mechanisms throught the stimulation of propriocaptors in an attempt to gain more stretch in a muscle often referred to as a contract / relax method of streching
active isolated streching (als) a streching technique model after traditional strenght- traing workouts. stretch are held very briefly in sets of a specified number of repetitons with a goal of isolating and indivual muscle in each set.
elastic strech recoverable elongation of connective tissue.
ais active isolated streching a streching techunique modeled after traditional strenght- traing workout.
hypokineis a deficienecy of potassium in blood
pnf procioceptive neuromuscule facilitation