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CSU Yalom Groups

CSU Yalom's Curative/Thereaputic Factors of Group Therapy

Universality The recognition of shared experiences and feelings among group members and that these may be widespread human concerns
Altruism The group is a place where members can help each other. Group members benifit by being the ones to help others
Instillation of hope In a mixed group that has members at various stages of development or recovery, a member can be inspired by another member who has overcome the problems with which they are still struggling.
Imparting information While this is not strictly speaking a psychotherapeutic process members often report that it has been very helpful to learn from other members in the group. For example, about community resources
Corrective recapitulation of the primary family experience Members often unconsciously identify the therapist and other group members with their own parents and siblings in a form of transference. This allows group members to gain understanding of the impact of childhood experiences on current issues
Development of socializing techniques The group setting provides a safe and supportive environment for members to take risks by extending their repertoire of interpersonal behaviors.
Imitative behaviour One way in which group members can develop social skills is through a modeling process, observing and imitating the therapist and other group members.
Cohesiveness This is the primary therapeutic factor from which all others flow. Humans are herd animals with an instinctive need to belong to groups
Existential factors Learning that one has to take responsibility for one's own life and the consequences of one's decisions.Accepts the fact that responsibility for change comes from within oneself
Catharsis Catharsis is the experience of relief from emotional distress through the free and uninhibited expression of emotion.
Interpersonal learning Group members achieve a greater level of self-awareness through the process of interacting with others in the group who give feedback on the member's behaviour and impact on others.
Self-understanding This factor overlaps with interpersonal learning but refers to the achievement of greater levels of insight into the genesis of one's problems and the unconscious motivations that underlie one's behaviour.
Created by: OTTeacherLady