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Lit Exam Study

Author or TypeBook or Definition
Aeschylus Prometheus Bound - C
Aristophanes Lysistrara - C
Euripides Medea - C
Homer The Odyssey -C
Horace The Odes - C
Ovid Metamorphoses - C
Sappho Hymn to Aphrodite - C
Sophocles Oedipus Tyrannus - C
Virgil The Aeneid - C
Chaucer The Canterbury Tales - M
John Gower Vox Clemantis - C
Kemp - M The Book of Margery Kemp - C
Mallory - M Le Morte D'Arthur
Langland - M Peirs Plowman
Jonson - R "To Celia"
Marlowe- R Dr. Faustus
Spenser - R The Faerie Queen
Donne - R A Valeditions :Forbidding Mourning
Milton- R Paradise Lost
Drayton - R Since there's no help, come let us kiss and part
Sidney - R Astrophel and Stella
Wyatt - R They Flee from Me
Shakespeare - R The Merchant of Venice
Pope - 17 The Rape of Lock
Bradstreet - 17 The Author to her Book
Defoe - 17 Robinson Crusoe
Fielding - 17 Tom Jones
Dryden - 17 Mac Flecknoe
Gay - 17 The Beggars Opera
Swift - 17 Gulliver's Travels
Herrick- 17 To the Virgins, to Make Much of Time
Gray - 17 An Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard
Congeve - 17 The Way of the World
Dickens - 19 Great Expectations
Bronte - 19 Jane Eyre
Dickinson - 19 Because I could not stop for Death
Eliot - 19 Middlemarch
Melville - 19 Moby Dick
Austen - 19 Emma
Keats - 19 To Autumn
Chopin - 19 The Awakening
Twain - 19 The Aventures of Huckleberry Finn
Shellley - 19 Frankenstein
Hawthorne - 19 The Scarlet Letter
Coleridge - 19 Rim of the Ancient Mariner
Hardy - 19 Tess of the D'Urbervilles
Whitman - 19 Oh Captain! My Captain!
Wordsworth - 19 The Word is Too Much With Us
Walker - 20 The Color Purple
Sexton - 20 Cinderella
Miller - 20 The Crucible
cummings - 20 anyone lived in a pretty how town
Hemingway - 20 A farewell to Arms
Fitzgerald - 20 The Great Gatsby
Brooks - 20 We Real Cool
Salinger - 20 Catcher in the Rye
Joyce - 20 Ulysses
Steinbeck - 20 The Grapes of Wrath
Hughes - 20 Theme for English B
Frost - 20 Fire and Ice
Plath - 20 The Bell Jar
Eliot - 20 The love song of J Alfred Prufrock
Woolf -20 Mrs. Dalloway
Owen - 20 Anthm for Doomed Youth
Yeats - 20 The Second Coming
Faulkner - 20 The Sound and the Fury
Allegory A form of extended metaphor
Alliteration the repitition of inital consonant sounds in neighboring words
Allusion a brief reference to a person, event, or place, real or fictitious or to a work of art
Apostrophe when an absent person, an abstract concept or an important object is directly addressed
Assonance the repition of vowel sounds but not consonant sounds
Characterization method used by a writer to develop a character. it includes showing 1. appearance 2. characters actions 3. revealing characters thoughts 4. letting the character speak 5. getting the reactions of others
Conflict/Plot The struggle found in fiction 1. Man against Man 2. Man against Nature 3. Man against Self
Connotation Implied meaning of a word
Denotation literal meaning of a word
Deus ex machine God from machine ancient greek drama
Flashback action that interrupts to show and event that happened in an earlier time
Foreshadowing hints or clues to suggest what will happen later
Hyperbole Exaggeration or overstatement
Image language that evokes on or all of the five senses
In media res in or into the middle of a sequence of events (literary narrative)
Irony an implied discrepancy
Verbal Irony An author says one thing but means another
Dramatic Irony an audience perceives something that a character in the lit does not know
Irony of a situation discrepancy between the expected result and the actual results
Metaphor Comparison of the unlike things using the verb "to be" and not using like or as
Metonymy substituting a work for another word closely assosciated with it
Motif A recurrent thematic element in an artistic or literary work, dominant them or central idea
Onomatopeoeia word that imitates the sound it represents
personification giving human qualities to animals or objects
Setting determining time and place in fiction
Simile the comparison of two unlike things using like or as
Symbol using an object or action that means something more than its literal meaning
Soliloquy a character alone and speaks his or her thoughts aloud
Stanza major subdivision in a poem
couplet two line stanza
tercet three line stanza
quatrain four line stanza
style a compilation of figurative language, diction, sounds effects and other literary devices
synecdoche one uses part to represent the whole
theme General idea or insight about life that a writer wishes to express
Tone the attitude a writer takes towards a subject or character, serious, humorous, sarcastic, ironic, satirical, tongue - in -cheek, solemn, objective. similar to Mood
Understatement A statement which lessons or minimizes the importance of what is meant
Anapestic Meter Meter using a foot of three syllables in which the accent falls on the third syllable
Blank Verse Any unrhyming verse. Blank verse usually consists of lines of Iambic Pentameter
Dactylic meter meter using a food of three syllables, in which the accent falls on the first syllable
End Rhyme The near duplication of sounds that takes place at the ends of lines. Enmd rhyme is the most common type of rhyme
Foot In the combination of stressed and unstressed syllables, which make up the metric unit of a line
Free Verse Poetry that does not follow a prescribed form but is characterized by the irregularity in the length of lines and lack of regular metrical patter and rhyme
Iambic Foot Consists of unstress syllable follow by a stressed syllable
Internal Rhyme Involves rhyming sounds within the same line
Line The sequence of words printed as a separate entity on the page
Meter The pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables or the units of stress pattern
Monometer One Foot
Dimeter Two feet
Trimeter Three feet
Tetrameter four feet
Pentamer five feet
Hexameter six feet
heptameter seven feet
octameter eight feet
Ottava rima An Italian stanza from adapted from English and an eight line stanza with the ryhme scheme abababcc
Paraphrase The restatement of a poem using words that are different but as equivalent as possible
Perfect Rhyme Rhyme in which all the final accented vowels of the rhyming words and all the succeeding sounds are identical while preceding sounds are different
quatrain four line stanza
quintet five line stanza
rhyme royal seven line, iambic pentameter stanza with the rhyme scheme ababbcc
scansion the systematic analysis of metrical patterns of stress, syllable by syllable
Sestet Six line stanza
trochaic meter meter using a foot of two syllables, in which the accent falls on the first syllable
verse refers to either a single line of poetrey or to metrical poetry in genral
Ballad A poem that tells a story similar to a folk talk or legend and often as a repeated refrain
Ballade A type of poem, usually with three stanzas of seven eight or ten lines and a shorter final stanza of four or five. stanzas end with the same one line refrain
Canzone Medieval Italian lyric powem, with five or six stanzas and a shorter concluding stanza
Cinquain Five lines, line 1 one word, line 2 two works, line 3 three words , line 4 four words, line 5 one word
Classicism The principles and ideals of beauty that are characteristic of Green and Roman art
Elegy A sad and thoughtful poem lamenting the death of a person
Epic A long serious poem that tells the story of a heroic figure
Epigram short satirical and witty pem usually written as a brief couplet or quatrain
Haiku japanese poem compsed of three unrhymed lines of five, seven, and five syllables
Idyll short poem depicting a peaceful, idealized country scene or a long powem that tells a story of a by gone age
Lyric a poem, such as a sonnet or an ode that expresses the thoughts and feeling of the powet
Quatrain stanza or poem of four lines. lines 2 and 4 must rhyme. lines 1 and 3 may or may not rhyme
Romanticism Nature and love were major themes of romanticism by 18 and 19th century poets. Emphasis was placed on the personal experiences of the individual
Senryu short japenese poem that is similar to a haiku in structure but treats human beings rather than nature in a humorous or satiric way
Tanka A japanese pem of five lines the first and third composed of five syllables and the rest of seven
Terza rima a type of poetry consisting of 10 or 11 syllable lines arranged in three-line tercets.
Sonnet English sonnet are lyric poems that are 14 lines long falling into three coordinate
Verse A single metrical line of poetry, or poetry in general
Antithesis the balancing or contrasting of one term against another (man proposes, god disposes)
Plot the events of a story or narrative with a variety of sequencing patterns. The plot is what happens in the story.
Exposition the background information of a story, the story before the story.
Resolution the conclusion of the story, the unfolding of the theme, the "happy ending," the tying together; what occurs in the resolution depends on the kind of story and the author's purpose.
Protagonist the main character of the story
Antagonist the force that works against the protagonist; the antagonist does not have to be a person (see types of conflicts)
Foil a foil character is either one who is in most ways opposite to the main character or nearly the same as the main character. The purpose of the foil character is to emphasize the traits of the main character by comparison or contrast.
Dynamic Character a dynamic character is one who changes by the end of the story, learning something that changes him or her in a permanent way.
Static Character A static character does not change; he or she is the same person at the end of the story as he was at the beginning.
Round Character a round character is fully developed; readers may even be able to anticipate the actions of a round character if the characterization is well done and consistent
Flat Character we know very little about a flat character; flat characters are not meant to serve as main characters. They serve as necessary elements in plot or as elements of the setting.
First Person Point of View the narrator, usually the protagonist, tells the story from his/her perspective using I, me, we, etc.
Second Person Point of View a story told using "you," which places the reader immediately and personally into the story
Third person omniscient point of view the narrator uses third person pronouns (he/she/they etc.) and is God-like: all knowing (omniscient). This type of narrator is not limited by time or space.
Third Person limited point of view the narrator tells the story using third person pronouns but limits herself to what one character can sense; the limitations are the same as in first person.
Objective point of view the narrator does not judge or interpret in any way; he/she simply presents the story as if recording it on film as it happens
Narrative Poetry The narration of an event or story, stressing details of plot, incident and action.
Dramatic Poetry A composition in verse portraying a story of life or character, usually involving conflict and emotions, in a plot evolving through action and dialogue.
Lyrical Poetry Lyric/lyrical poetry is perhaps the most common; it is that which expresses the emotional response of the poet to events, people and situations
Sonnet poems of strict form: fourteen lines of iambic pentameter. Two types: English or Shakespearean, consisting of four quatrains (abab, cdcd, efef) and a couplet (gg) and Italian or Petrarchan, consisting of an octave (set of eight lines) ryhming abbaabba an
Exact Rhyme This is when words sound exactly alike: cat, hat, rat
Slant Rhyme When words share the same vowel sound or similar vowel sound and same end sound, they "sort of" rhyme, but not exactly. Ex: which and fish have the same vowel sound, but the end sounds are not exactly the same. If you were scanning for a rhyme scheme, you
End Rhyme This is what we call it when the words at the ends of the lines rhyme. Ex: Line one: The maiden called to me/ Line two: As I went out to sea.
Meter the rhythm created in poetry by the repetition of similar units of sound patterns (stressed and unstressed syllable combinations): iambic (U/), trochaic (/U), anapestic (UU/), dactyllic (/UU), spondaic (//), and pyrrhic (UU).
Foot a two or three syllable unit of meter. Ex: (U/) is one iambic foot.
Iambic Pentameter A five foot line of iambic meter. This is the most common meter in English.
Greek Theatre (Classical) Outdoor Amphitheatre with a simple back wall, carved in a hill. Masks, Colored robes
Shakepeare Theatre (Renaissance) Outside, covered stage. Makeup, costumes, carried props. Trap door (ghosts, devils and witches appeared)
17 -18th Century Indoors, box theatre seating. More elaborate sets and costumes
Middle Age Theatre (Medieval) staged in churches but later moved outdoors. Mainly religious in theme but more freedom when moved outdoors
Elizabethan Theatre Open stage with three galleries of seats on three sides. yard for common folk.
Created by: mthacker



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