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Anatomy .1


detects glucose pancreas
stores gluclose as glycogen liver
process of storing gluclose as glycogen glycogenesis
polymer of glucose glycogen
released when gluclose levels are too low; hormone that uses up glycogen stored in the liver glucagon
process of breaking down glycogen with glucagon glycogenolysis
process that uses insulin glycogenesis
process that uses glucagon glycogenolysis
normal body temp 36-37.5 C
primary tissue that releases heat muscle
response to falling body temp; two answers shivering thermogenesis & peripherial blood flow (dialation of blood vessels)
allows heat to escape by dialating blood vessels peripheral blood flow
body temp falls below homeostasis hypothermia
two systems that act together to coordinate homeostasis in the body endocrine and nervous
small structure in the brain; regulates temp involunarilly hypothalmus
body's thermostat hypothalmus
when the body is too cold, the hypothalmus... sends impulses to constrict blood vessels
when the body is too hot, the hypothalmus... sends impulses to dialate blood vessels
constrication of blood vessels vascoconstrication
dialation of blood vessels vasodialation
damage by vasoconstriction frostnip, frostbite, deep frostbite
automatic response of the muscles to cold conditions shivering thermogenesis
high temps in the body hyperthermia
the lose of heat to the environment due to higher temps in the body but requiring lower temps in the environment vasodialation
heat as an environmental stimulus causing the body to produce this for evaporative cooling sweat
evaporative cooling will not work if these two factors are too high humidity and temp
another name for heat stroke hyperthermia
sweat is regulated by this involuntary system sympathetic nervous system
another name for blood vessels arterioles
temporary increase of temp from the hypothalamic setpoint fever
a fever causes this system to work more effectively immune system
the two types of sweat glands eccrine & apocrine
this sweat gland is located throughout the body & functions as a temp reducer eccrine sweat gland
larger sweat gland; found in groin and armpits. Does not begin to function until the onset of puberty. Linked to pheromone apocrine sweat gland
Created by: Robert.baldi