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Vitamins

Source, Fxn, Deficency S/S

QuestionAnswer
Vitamin A Source Vitamin A is found in dark green and yellow vegetables and yellow fruits, spinach pumpkin, cantaloupe, and apricots, and in animal sources such as liver, milk, butter, cheese, and whole eggs.
Vitamin A Fxn Vitamin A function: • Vitamin A is needed for new cell growth, healthy skin, hair, and tissues, and vision in dim light.
Vitamin A Def S/S Night blindness, damage to mucous membranes
Vitamin D Function Vitamin D function: • Vitamin D promotes absorption and use of calcium and phosphate for healthy bones and teeth.
Vitamin D Sources Vitamin D sources: • Vitamin D is found in milk (fortified), cheese, whole eggs, liver, salmon, and fortified margarine. The skin can synthesize vitamin D if exposed to enough sunlight on a regular basis.
Vitamin D Def S/S Rickets, Osteomalacia
Vitamin E Function Vitamin E function: • Vitamin E protects red blood cells and helps prevent destruction of vitamin A and C.
Vitamin E Sources Vitamin E sources: • Vitamin E is found in margarine and vegetable oil (soybean, corn, safflower, and cottonseed), wheat germ, green leafy vegetables.
Vitamin E Def S/S Anemia
Vitamin K Function Vitamin K function: • Vitamin K is necessary for normal blood clotting and synthesis of proteins found in plasma, bone, and kidneys.
Vitamin K Sources Vitamin K sources: • Vitamin K is found in spinach, lettuce, kale, cabbage, cauliflower, wheat bran, organ meats, cereals, some fruits, meats, dairy products, eggs.
Vitamin K Def S/S Blood clotting Problems
What are the fat soluable vitamins Vitamins A, D, E, K
Vitamin B1 (Thiamine) Thiamin function: • Thiamin is needed for energy metabolism and the proper function of the nervous system.
Thiamin sources: • Thiamin is found in whole grains, soybeans, peas, liver, kidney, lean cuts of pork, legumes, seeds, and nuts.
Thiamin Deficiency: Beri Beri, Loss of Appetite, Fatigue`
Vitamin B2 Riboflavin function: • Riboflavin is needed for energy metabolism, building tissue, and helps maintain good vision.
Vitamin B2 Riboflavin sources: • Riboflavin is found in dairy products, lean meats, poultry, fish, grains, broccoli, turnip greens, asparagus, spinach, and enriched food products.
Vitamin B2 Riboflavin Deficiency Lesions in the corner of the mouth
Vitamin B3 Niacin function: • Niacin is needed for energy metabolism, proper digestion, and healthy nervous system.
Vitamin B3 Niacin sources: • Niacin is found in lean meats, liver, poultry, milk, canned salmon, leafy green vegetables.
Vitamin B3 Niacin Deficiency S/S Pellagra, skin disorders, diarrhea, mental disorders
Vitamin B5 Pantothenic acid function: • Pantothenic acid is needed for energy metabolism.
Vitamin B5 Pantothenic acid sources: • Pantothenic acid is found in egg yolk, liver, kidney, yeast, broccoli, lean beef, skim milk, sweet potatoes, molasses.
Vitamin B5 Pantothenic acid Deficiency S/S: Adrenal problems, reproductive problems
Vitamin B6 Pyridoxine Function • Vitamin B6 is needed for cell growth.
Vitamin B6 sources: • Vitamin B6 is found in chicken, fish, pork, liver, kidney, whole grains, nuts, and legumes.
Vitamin B9 Folate (folic acid) functions: • Folate promotes normal digestion; essential for development of red blood cells.
Vitamin B9 Folate (folic acid) sources: • Sources of folate are liver, yeast, dark green leafy vegetables, legumes, and some fruits.
Vitamin B9 Folate Deficiency S/S: anemia
Vitamin B12 function: Vitamin B12 function: • Vitamin B12 is needed for building proteins in the body, red blood cells, and normal function of nervous tissue.
Vitamin B12 sources: • Vitamin B12 is found in liver, kidney, yogurt, dairy products, fish, clams, oysters, nonfat dry milk, salmon, sardines.
Vitamin B12 Deficiency S/S: Pernicious Anemia
Vitamin C Function: • Vitamin C is an antioxidant vitamin needed for the formation of collagen to hold the cells together and for healthy teeth, gums and blood vessels; improves iron absorption and resistance to infection.
Vitamin C sources: • Vitamin C is found in many fresh vegetables and fruits, such as broccoli, green and red peppers, collard greens, brussel sprouts, cauliflower, lemon, cabbage, pineapples, strawberries, citrus fruits.
Vitamin C Deficiency: Scurvy, Slow Healing, Poor Bone growth
Biotin Sources: Liver, Yeast, bacteria in gut
Biotin Fxn: in Coenzyme
Biotin deficiency S/S: Skin Problems, hairloss
Created by: hannahyaya