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CIT232 Ch 1-3

Web Server Design chapters 1 - 3

QuestionAnswer
Active Server Pages.NET (ASP.NET) - The latest generation of programming environment that allows for more productive programming, it is used to create dynamic pages. Based on Active Server Pages (ASP), this Web-based programming language was created by M
backbone A high-speed network that connects other networks.
bandwidth The theoretical maximum number of bits that can be sent in one second.
Berkeley Systems Distribution (BSD) A UNIX standard distributed by Berkeley Systems. Examples of the BSD implementation include FreeBSD and SunOS.
database management system (DBMS) A system that stores data on a computer in an organized format. It typically uses SQL as the language to define and manipulate the data, and stores data in an organized manner for processing.
digital subscriber line (DSL) Allows you to transfer data at high speeds over conventional telephone lines.
domain In Windows, a logical grouping of computers that administrators use to organize common resource needs.
file system A data structure that provides the input and output mechanisms for an operating system.
File Transfer Protocol (FTP) A Web service that allows users to upload and download files.
firewall Software that implements an access control policy between networks. When you want to keep the attackers out, but let legitimate users in, you typically filter IP packets between two networks.
GNU General Public License A license intended to guarantee your freedom to share and change free software, thereby making sure the software is free for all its users.
Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) A protocol that defines how information is passed between the browser and the Web server.
Internet service provider (ISP) The organization that provides you with a connection to the Internet.
JavaServer Pages (JSP) A Web-based scripting language that uses a subset of the Java language. The code is compiled into a Java servlet before it runs for the first time after changes are made to the file.
kernel The central, high-security portion of the UNIX/Linux operating system that contains its core elements.
local area network (LAN) A group of connected computers along with the devices and media that connect them.
network access point (NAP) Each NAP provides a major Internet connection point.
Open Source Interconnection (OSI) model A model that defines the building blocks that divide data communication into discrete parts.
PHP Hypertext Protocol (PHP) A Web-based scripting language commonly used with Apache Web servers. Also called PHP Hypertext Preprocessor.
protocol A set of communication rules.
Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) The suite of protocols used in data communication.
wide area network (WAN) Primarily a public, shared network that connects regions and countries.
application server A server that focuses on processing information. For example, a server that contains a DBMS is an application server.
bottleneck The component of the server that causes system performance to slow, thereby keeping parts of the system from working optimally.
bus The path that data travels between devices.
Complex Instruction Set Computer (CISC) A processor architecture that emphasizes the number of different instructions the processor can understand.
contention A state of data transfer where the more traffic there is, the slower it travels.
database management system (DBMS) A system that stores data on a computer in an organized format. It typically uses SQL as the language to define and manipulate the data, and stores data in an organized manner for processing.
dynamic Web page A page that contains programming statements to customize its output. A number of languages can be used to create dynamic Web pages, including PHP, Perl, ASP, and ASP.NET.
Ethernet A network technology that connects multiple devices, such as PCs and printers, on a LAN, and passes information from one device to another.
fault tolerance The ability of a system to keep running even when a component fails.
file system A data structure that provides the input and output mechanisms for an operating system.
GNU General Public License A license intended to guarantee your freedom to share and change free software, thereby making sure the software is free for all its users.
host An individual computer on a network.
hub A device used to connect computers. Because hubs are shared devices, as more computers use a hub, traffic can slow.
Integrated Drive Electronics (IDE) The most common hard drive interface available. The controlling electronics are integrated with the hard drive.
Internet service provider (ISP) The organization that provides you with a connection to the Internet.
intranet A private network.
network access point (NAP) Each NAP provides a major Internet connection point.
redundant array of inexpensive/independent disks (RAID) Allows multiple drives to operate together as a single drive. A variety of configurations are available.
Reduced Instruction Set Computer (RISC) Processor architecture that focuses on very efficiently processing few types of instructions.
router A device used to connect one network with another. It can serve many purposes, including connecting an internal network to the Internet.
Small Computer System Interface (SCSI) A parallel interface that allows multiple devices to communicate with the local system at the same time. It is commonly used to connect multiple hard drives to a server.
switch A device that allows computers to communicate as if they were directly connected to one another. It produces a virtual connection between the computers.
boot loader The program that starts the operating system.
client access license (CAL) A Microsoft license that allows a client computer to connect to a server.
ext3 The most recent Red Had Linux file system.
File Allocation Table (FAT) A file system for Windows that is compatible with all Microsoft operating systems, but offers no security.
file system A data structure that provides the input and output mechanisms for an operating system.
GNOME A GUI available for Linux, Solaris, and FreeBSD.
GNU General Public License A license intended to guarantee your freedom to share and change free software, thereby making sure the software is free for all its users.
K Desktop Environment (KDE) A GUI available for Linux, Solaris, and FreeBSD.
Master boot record (MBR) A sector on the hard disk that contains the boot loader program.
multi-boot system A computer with multiple operating systems. Typically, a menu allows you to choose the desired operating system.
NTFS A high-performance file system for Windows that supports access control and auditing of files and folders.
partition A logical division of the hard disk.
partition, extended The part of the drive where more system partitions can be created.
partition, primary The part of the drive that starts the boot process.
per seat license An agreement for using software in a network environments with multiple servers. Each client computer has its own license and can connect to as many servers as you have.
per server license An agreement for using software in a client/server configuration where all client computers do not need to connect to the server at the same time.
Service Pack A file issued by Microsoft with improvements and corrections to an operating system after it has been installed.
single-boot system A computer with only one operating system.
System V A UNIX standard distributed by AT&T and Sun. Solaris is the most popular example of a System V system.
Created by: Leisac