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English 108B U1

Unit 1 Arguments and Speeches Vocabulary

TermDefinition
Hypophora   a rhetorical technique in which a writer or speaker asks a question and immediately answers it; used for emphasis, to build curiosity, or to introduce a new topic
Ethos Sounds like ethics. A person with good ethics is trustworthy. a mode of persuasion in which the language and descriptions used are intended to convince an audience that an author is credible and trustworthy
Pathos Originally a Greek word meaning “suffering.” An appeal to pathos might include a discussion of suffering. a mode of persuasion in which the language and descriptions used by an author appeal to an audience’s emotions
Logos Greek word meaning “reason.” a mode of persuasion in which the language and descriptions used by an author appeal to an audience’s sense of reason and logic
Rhetorical Device a technique that a writer or speaker uses to make a point; includes techniques such as parallel structure, allusion, repetition, figurative language, imagery, refrain, quotation, and first-person-plural mode of address
Parallel Structure a rhetorical device in which similar words, phrases, or clauses are used to emphasize ideas
Repetition Repetition can be a very powerful rhetorical device. When an author uses repetition, a word, phrase, or sentence is repeated several times throughout the text.
Authors Purpose Authors write for many reasons: to entertain, to persuade or argue, and to inform. They use specific word choices, appeals, and rhetorical strategies to convey points, connect with and engage readers, and to express and inspire emotion."
Formal Language the choice of words, phrases, and sentences that adhere to the conventional standards of grammar, usage, and mechanics
Informal Language The prefix in- shows that informal is the opposite of formal. language that may include, for example, slang, idioms and colloquialisms, contractions, humor, simple sentence structure, and fragments
Seminal Documents Speeches, essays, and other texts that have great historical and literary significance
Relevant Closely connected or appropriate to the matter/claim/argument at hand
Credible believable; reliable
Rhetoric/Rhetorical Device Literary techniques used to heighten the effectiveness of expression can be credible or fallacious.
Theme the subject of a talk, a piece of writing, a person's thoughts, or an exhibition; a topic.
Bias Preference or prejudice in favor of or against one thing, person, or group compared with another, usually in a way considered to be unfair.
Argument A statement put forth and supported by evidence
Claim An assertion/statement, usually supported by evidence
Evaluate Examine and judge carefully.
Speaker A term used for the author, speaker, or the person whose perspective (real or imagined) is being advanced in a speech or piece of writing
Counterclaim A position or new claim(s) taken by someone with an opposing viewpoint to the original claim(s).
Rebuttal A counterargument to an arguments claim(s), especially in debate
Viewpoint The way someone sees something; their perspective
Authors Purpose The reason the author has for writing. ( Inform, persuade, express, & entertain)
Summarize Give a brief statement of the main points of (something).To sum it up and leave out minor details.
Persusion/Persuasive Writing or an argument that tries to convince your reader of a point of view using logic and reason
Repetition Repeated use of sounds, words, or ideas for effect and emphasis
Call to action Writing that urges people to action or promotes change.
Antithesis " The direct opposite, a sharp contrast. Make a point and then share the oppositve view or share the opposite view to make your point. "
Paradox A statement that seems contradictory but is actually true
Anaphora repetition of a word or phrase at the beginning of successive phrases, clauses, or lines
Fallacious Reasoning Faulty or mistaken logic. False reasoning.
Paraphrase Express the meaning of (the writer or speaker or something written or spoken) using different words, especially to achieve greater clarity. More detailed than a summary and less detailed than a quote.
English 108B Unit 1 Terms and definitions The purpose of these terms and definitions is for mastery learning and retrival practice.
Created by: lfrost_id
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