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CW Formal Poetry

Creative Writing Formal Poetry Test Review

TermDefinition
acrostic poem Each line begins with a letter that forms a word that is the subject of the poem when read vertically
diamante diamond shaped poem that begins with a word and ends with a synonym or antonym of that word
haiku three line poem with a 5-7-5 syllable pattern that includes an image from nature
tanka five line poem with a 5-7-5-7-7 syllable pattern that includes an image from nature
lantern five line poem with a 1-2-3-4-1 syllable pattern that includes an image from nature
septolet seven line poem with a 1-2-3-4-3-2-1 syllable pattern that includes an image from nature
cinquain five line poem with a 2-4-6-8-1 syllable pattern that generally follows a strict form
limerick five line humorous poem with an AABBA rhyme scheme and a complex meter
Shakespearean sonnet fourteen line poem with an ABAB CDCD EFEF GG rhyme scheme written in iambic pentameter that includes three different aspects of the same subject and a couplet summary at the end
Petrarchan sonnet fourteen line poem with an ABBA ABBA CDCDCD or ABBA ABBA CDECDE rhyme scheme written in iambic pentameter that ask and answers a question, poses and solves a problem, or tells and comments on a story
iamb a metrical foot that includes an unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable
anapest a metrical foot that includes two unstressed syllables followed by a stressed syllable
trochee a metrical foot that includes a stressed syllable followed by an unstressed syllable
dactyl a metrical foot that includes a stressed syllable followed by two unstressed syllables
spondee a metrical foot that includes one or more stressed syllable(s)
monometer a line of poetry that includes one metrical foot
dimeter a line of poetry that includes two metrical feet
trimeter a line of poetry that includes three metrical feet
tetrameter a line of poetry that includes four metrical feet
pentameter a line of poetry that includes five metrical feet
hexameter a line of poetry that includes six metrical feet
heptameter a line of poetry that includes seven metrical feet
octameter a line of poetry that includes eight metrical feet
exact rhyme Two or more words in which the final accented vowel and all the consonant sounds that follow it are the same
slant rhyme A partial or imperfect rhyme. The vowel sounds in half rhymes are usually not identical.
internal rhyme rhyme which occurs within a single line of poetry or in the middle of two consecutive lines of poetry
rhyme scheme ordered pattern of rhymes at the ends of the lines of a poem
meter the beat of a poem created by patterns of stressed and unstressed syllables in the lines
quatrain group of four lines
couplet group of two lines
octave group of eight lines
sestet group of six lines
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