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Sports Med

Ankle/Foot Vocab

TermDefinition
Anterior tibiofibular ligament A ligament that connects the tibia to the fibula in front of the ankle.
Compartment syndrome A condition that develops when swelling exists in one or more of the four compartments of the leg
talocrural joint A joint in the ankle found between the tibia, fibula, and talus
medial longitudinal arch One of the three arches of the foot, composed of the calcaneus, talus, navicular, cuneiforms, and the first three metatarsals
cramp A sudden, involuntary contraction of a muscle
deep posterior compartment The lower leg deep posterior compartment; contains the popliteus, flexor digitorum longus, flexor hallucis longus, and tibialis posterior muscles
Achilles tendon A tendon in the back of the ankle and foot that attaches the gastrocnemius and soleus muscles to the calcaneus.
subtalar joint A joint in the ankle found between the talus and calcaneus
superficial posterior compartment The lower leg superficial posterior compartment; contains the gastrocnemius, soleus, and plantaris muscles.
medial tibial stress syndrome Pain that occurs below the knee either on the front, outside portion of the leg or the inside of the leg; also known as shin splints
peroneal compartment or lateral compartment The lower leg peroneal compartment; contains the peroneus longus and peroneus brevis muscles
extrinsic muscles Referring to muscles that are outside a body part, organ, or bone
medial longitudinal arch The highest arch of the foot
intrinsic muscles Referring to the muscles that are inside a body part, organ, or bone
lateral longitudinal arch One of the three arches of the foot composed of the calcaneus, talus, cuboid, and the fourth and fifth metatarsals
Plantar fascia Wide, nonelastic ligamentous tissue that extends from the anterior portion of the calcaneus to the heads of the metatarsals
anterior compartment The lower leg anterior compartment; contains the tibialis anterior, extensor digitorum longus, peroneus tertius, and extensor hallucis muscles
deltoid ligament A commonly injured ligament that is triangular in shape and consists of a superficial and deep layer, which connects the talus to the medial malleolus
malleoli The large bony prominences located on either side of the ankle
posterior tibiofibular ligament A ligament that connects the tibia to the fibula on the backside of the ankle
shin splints Pain that occurs below the knee either on the front, outside portion of the leg or the inside of the leg; also known as medial tibial stress syndrome
transverse arch One of the three arches of the foot composed of the cuneiforms, the cuboid, and the fifth metatarsal bones
Created by: rhacker
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