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Story Elements

Reading Vocabulary

genre A particular type or category of composition, music or literature. EXAMPLE: Short story, fantasy, science fiction, nonfiction, fiction, and more!
fiction Literature created from the imagination. Examples : mysteries, science fiction, fantasy
nonfiction Written works that teach us facts. Examples:Textbooks, biographies, and essays
plot The story line or order of events .
setting Time + place + environment
character A person or animal or anything personified.
story elements The events that happen in a story. Example: Introduction, rising action, a climax, the falling action, and a resolution. (Arc)
conflict The story's challenge or problem.
theme Idea, belief, moral or lesson in the story.
*style HOW things are said. Word choices, sentence structure, dialogue, metaphor, simile, hyperbole. (related to tone)
*tone The overall emotional “tone” or meaning of the story. Example: happy, funny or sad. Can be shown through word and grammar choices.
*point of view “Who” is telling the story? First person (“I”) or third person (“he/she/it”). Limited (one character’s perspective), multiple (many characters’ perspectives) or omniscient (all knowing narrator)
*exposition The part of the plot that provides the reader with background information introducing the setting, characters, and main conflicts.
*resolution The part of the story's plot where the main problem is resolved or worked out. The resolution occurs after the falling action and is typically where the story ends.
*protagonist The main character of a story. He or she has a clear goal to accomplish or a conflict to overcome.
*antagonist Character who has a goal that opposes the protagonist's goal and will try to stop the protagonist from getting what he or she wants.
rising action Events leading up to the main conflict or climax.
falling action Events after the climax before the ending.
climax Reached when the protagonist takes the last step to resolve a conflict or reach a goal. The result of this step or action is the turning point.
Created by: gsaunders



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