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Key Terms

Acariasis Infestation with mites.
Arthropod Ectoparasite belonging to the phylum Arthropoda (insects).
Azotemia An increase in waste products in the blood, specifically blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and creatinine; increased retention of urea in the blood.
Bacilli Rod-shaped bacteria.
Centesis The act of puncturing a body cavity or organ with a hollow needle to draw out fluid.
Cestode Organism in the order Cestoda; tapeworm.
Cocci A bacteria with a round shape.
Control Serum Is used for quality control of assays performed in a sample of body fluids, control serum is usually aseptically filtered and frozen or lyophilized.
Definitive Host The host that harbors the adult, mature, or sexual stages of a parasite.
Dermatophyte A group of cutaneous mycotic organisms commonly known as ringworm fungi.
Differential WBC Count Determines the percentage of each type of white blood cell present in your blood.
Ectoparasite A parasite that resides on the surface of its host.
Electrolyte Any substance that dissociates into ions when in solution.
ELISA Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay, an immunologic test.
Endoparasite A parasite that resides within the host's tissues.
Granulocyte Any cell with distinct cytoplasmic granules.
Hemolysis The rupture of a RBC; the destruction of erythrocytes.
Icterus Abnormally yellowish discoloration of skin, mucous membranes, or plasma as a result of increased concentration of bile pigments.
Intermediate Host The host that harbors the larval, immature or asexual stages of a parasite.
Lipemia The presence of fatty material in plasma or serum.
Microfilaria Larval offspring of the group of filarial worms in the phylum Nematoda.
Mycology The study of fungi.
Myiasis Infestation with larvae (maggots) of dipterans.
Oocyst The resistant spore phase of some parasitic protozoans.
Packed Cell Volume Ratio of RBC to total plasma volume.
Pediculosis Infestation with lice.
Polychromasia Abnormally high number of immature red blood cells found in the bloodstream as a result of being prematurely released from the bone marrow during blood formation.
Precision Is the magnitude of random errors and the reproducibility of measurements.
Preprandial Samples Samples from an animal that has not eaten for some time (Fasting).
Refractometer Instrument used to measure the refractive index of a solution.
Specific Gravity Density of a quantity of liquid of liquid compared with that of an equal amount of distilled water.
Thrombocyte Platelet; cytoplasmic fragment of bone marrow megakaryocyte.
Trematode Organism in the phylum Trematoda; commonly referred to as a fluke.
Urolithiasis The presence of calculi (stones) in the urinary tract.
Warble Common name for the larvae of some species of flies; often in swollen, cyst-like subcutaneous sites.
Accuracy Reflects how closely results agree with the true quantitative value of the constituent.
Reliability Is the ability of a method to be accurate and precise.
Created by: Hammie82298
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