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Unit 9/LO 1

The bodies defense-removal of noxious substances from the body Vomitting
What are sequela of vomitting Dehydration, acidosis, and malnutrition
What is another word for vomitting Emesis
What is it called when vomit contains brown granular material resulting from partial digestion in the stomach of protein in blood Hematemesis
If someone vomits a yellow/green color what does it contain Bile from the duodenum
What would deep brown vomit mean It contains content from the lower intestin, typical of recurrent vomiting in persons with intestinal obstruction
If a person was to vomit up undigested food from previous meals what could be the cause Gastric emptying problem...... pyloric obstruction
What kind of diarrhea could you have with celiac disease and cystic fibrosis Steatorrhea-fatty diarrhea- there is fat within the stools
What is the cause of frank blood in stools Lesions in the rectum or anal canal
What would you expect in the stool of someone that had small bleeding ulcers in the stomach and small intestine Occult blood- not visible to the eye
What is it called when you have dark, tarry stools Melena- significant bleeding higher in the digestive tract. The hbg has been acted on by intestinal bacteria. There are large amounts of blood present
What are some causes of constipation? Muscle weakness, neurological disorders (MS, SCI) meds, obstruction
What fluid and electrolytes do you loose when vomiting and with diarrhea Sodium and Chloride- always loose both
What other electrolyte do you loose during diarrhea K+
What are the three mechanisms of abdominal pain Mechanical, inflammatory and ischemia (obstruction)
What is usually the cause of upper GI bleeding Bleeding varicose veins in the esophagus, stomach, and duodenum - coffee ground vomiting
What are the usual causes of lower GI bleeding Intestinal polyps, Crohns, Ulcerative Colitis and others - Frankly bloody diarrhea
Created by: tonyavega



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