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New Vocabulary - genetic

Homozygous Two of the same form of a gene—one from mom and the other from dad
Heterozygous Two different forms of a gene—one from mom and the other from dad are different.
Zygote Male gamete combines with the female gamete resulting in a zygote.
Alleles Different forms of a gene, which produce variations in a genetically inherited trait.
Asexual Reproduction Fungi and bacteria reproduce this way and only takes one individual.
Sexual Reproduction Takes two individuals create an offspring. This has type of reproduction creates more variation in the population.
Genotype Internal heredity information that contain genetic code. Two alleles together.
Phenotype The physical trait that shows in an organism based on the genotype.
Dominant Allele Dominant allele of a gene shows its specific trait even if only one parent passed the gene to the child.
Recessive Allele Recessive gene shows its specific trait when both parents pass the gene to the child.
Heredity Trait Passing on of traits from parents to their offspring; either through asexual reproduction or sexual reproduction
Sperm Cells Male Sex Cells
Gamete / Egg Cell Female Sex Cells
Chromosome Chromosomes are tiny structures inside cells made from DNA and protein
Offspring The product/child after sexual or asexual reproduction is finished
Hybrid Offspring that are the result of mating between two genetically different kinds of parents
Pure Bred Offspring that are the result of mating between genetically similar kinds of parents
Meiosis Cell division in specialized tissues of ovaries and testes which results in the production of sperm or ova
Mitosis Type of cell division that results in two daughter cells each having the same number and kind of chromosomes as the parent nucleus
Punnet Sqaure Simple graphical method of showing all of the potential combinations of offspring genotypes
Co-Dominance The traits expressed by the alleles to be equal in the phenotype. There is neither a complete dominance or incomplete dominance of one trait
Ms. Snyder's Favorite Colors Green and Yellow
Genes Genes are parts of DNA and carry hereditary information passed from parents to children
Created by: sarahsny42



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