Busy. Please wait.

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 

Username is available taken
show password


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
We do not share your email address with others. It is only used to allow you to reset your password. For details read our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.

Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.
Didn't know it?
click below
Knew it?
click below
Don't know
Remaining cards (0)
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

Toxicology & TDM

Into to toxicology

define toxicology the study & science of poisons & poisonings
substance that when used in small amounts is injurious to health or dangerous to life Poison
the degree of poisonous hazard present by a given substance Toxicity
Minimal Lethal Dose (MLD) is defined as the smallest amt of a substance that will cause death
Minimal Lethal Dose (MLD) -rating from 1-6....what is practically nontoxic to super toxic 1-practically non toxic 2- slightly 3- moderately 4- very 5-extremely 6-super toxic
Most common routes of exposures are ingestion,inhalation and transdermal absorption
Acute toxicity single, short-term exposure to a substance
Repeated, frequent exposure for extended periods of time is know as: Acute or Chronic Toxicity? Chronic
DEA class drugs [I] Examples -no accepted medical use in the US and a high potential for abuse heroin LSD PCP mescaline marijuana
DEA class drugs [II] Examples -high abuse potential w/ severe pyschic or physical dependence opium codeine hydromorphone
DEA class drugs [III] Examples -less potential for abuse than I or II; limited amts of narcotics Doriden Nodeular
DEA class drugs [IV] Examples -less than class III barbiturates benzodiazapines
DEA class drugs [V] Examples -less than class IV; limited narcotic concentration antidiarrheal medicine
Analysis of toxic agents: two-step procedure 1. Screening: has good analytic ____ but lacks ____ 2. Confirmatory Screening: good sensitivity but lacks specificity Confirmatory: confirms screening
Contaminated or adulterated samples may cause erroneous results that lead to significant consequences
Urine Adulteration Test Strip-Intect 7 CNGPSBP Creatinine Nitrite Glutaraldehyde pH Specific Gravity Bleach Pyridinium chlorochromate
Drugs of Abuse: Hypnotics & sedatives -f[x] & examples calm or produce sleep barbiturates, benzodiazapine, doriden
Drugs of Abuse: Analgesics -f[x] & examples reduce or eliminate pain narcotic: morphine non narc: aspirin, acetaminophen
Drugs of Abuse: Stimulants -f[x] & examples work on CNS & produce excitation -amphetamine, caffeine, nicotine, cocaine
Drugs of Abuse: Antidepressants -f[x] & examples control anxiety tricylic compounds
Drugs of Abuse: Tranquilizers -f[x] & examples lower anxiety benzos,phenothiazines, carbamates
Drugs of Abuse: Psychotoxic -f[x] & examples produce euphoria or hallucinations Class I drugs: PCP or LSD
Drugs of Abuse: Antihistamines -f[x] block action of histamines--cause drowsiness and coma in overdose
Drugs of Abuse: Antionvulsants -f[x] & examples depress CNS to prevent seizures Phenobarb, Dilantin
Drugs are classified by salt forming ability
Acidic drug forms salt w/ bases i.e______ Sodium Phenobarb
Basic drug forms salt w/ acids i.e____ Ephederine HCL
Neutral drugs do not form salts w/ either bases or acids i.e____ Meprobamate & Glutethimide
Created by: haley.gooch



Use these flashcards to help memorize information. Look at the large card and try to recall what is on the other side. Then click the card to flip it. If you knew the answer, click the green Know box. Otherwise, click the red Don't know box.

When you've placed seven or more cards in the Don't know box, click "retry" to try those cards again.

If you've accidentally put the card in the wrong box, just click on the card to take it out of the box.

You can also use your keyboard to move the cards as follows:

If you are logged in to your account, this website will remember which cards you know and don't know so that they are in the same box the next time you log in.

When you need a break, try one of the other activities listed below the flashcards like Matching, Snowman, or Hungry Bug. Although it may feel like you're playing a game, your brain is still making more connections with the information to help you out.

To see how well you know the information, try the Quiz or Test activity.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
restart all cards