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Lesson 3.01

Understand Employment Law

Age Discrimination Act in Employment prohibits discrimination against applicants and employees 40 years of age or older
Agency Shop union arrangement in which employees are not required to join the union; however, but must pay union dues
Americans with disabilities act federal law that prohibits discrimination based on an individual's disability if the disabled person is able to perform the basic functions of the job
Closed Shop a type of union arrangement in which applicants must join the union before being hired by a company
Disparate impact occurs when a employer creates a seemingly fair employment practice that has a negative impact on members of a protected class
Employee person who works for employer for wage
Employer person who pays employee wage
Employment Law division of law that governs relationship between employer and employees
Employment-at-will means that an employee or employer can terminate employment for any reason without being liable for breach of contract
Express employment agreement contract that specifically states the terms and conditions of employment (oral or written)
Fair Labor Standards Act federal law that sets the minimum wage, overtime pay, and age requirements for certain types of employees
Family and Medical Leave Act provides eligible employees with unpaid, job-protected leave for certain family or medical conditions
Implied employment agreement employment contract in which the terms and conditions may be inferred through the actions of either the employer or the employee
Independent contractor person who works for an employer for a wage, salary, payment or fee
North Carolina Department of Labor promotes the general well-being, safety, and health of NC workers
North Carolina Youth Employment Provisions of the Wage and Hour Act for Non Agricultural Occupations is a state law that sets the labor standards and guidelines for youth 17 years old and younger
Occupational Safety and Health Act federal law that establishes and promotes workplace safety standards for businesses
Open shop type of union arrangement in which employees are neither required to join the union nor pay union dues
Right-to-work law law that prohibits employers from requiring employees to join a union or pay union dues as a condition of employment
Social Security Act Provides financial assistance to eligible workers and their dependents in the form of retirement, disability, and death benefits
The Civil Rights Act of 1991 created to strengthen civil right laws
Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 prohibits employment agencies, employers, and unions from discriminating against applicants because of race or gender
Unemployment Compensation is an insurance program that provides temporary income for qualified individuals who are unemployed through no fault of their own
Union organization to ensure favorable work conditions, hours, benefits, etc
Union shop is a type of union arrangement in which non-union applicants can be hired, but must join the union within a certain amount of time
Workers' Compensation program that provides medical benefits and income to employees who are injured or acquire a disease as a result of their job
Created by: 9306741



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