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Human Digestive Syst

A&P II - Human Digestion

QuestionAnswer
name the three types of salivary glands 1) Parotid, 2) Sublingual, and 3) Submandibular
the _______________ is next to the ramus of the lower mandible and secretes salivary amylase parotid salivary gland
the parotid secretes what salivary enzyme salivary amylase
the ___________________ is below the tongue and mostly secretes mucous sublingual salivary gland
the ___________________ is below the mandible and secretes both salivary amylase and mucous submandibular salivary gland
the ___________________ transports food from the mouth to the stomach esophagus
the esophagus is (ventral/dorsal) to the trachea the esophagus is DORSAL to the trachea
where is the primary site of digestion the stomach
name the three regions of the stomach (from most superior to most inferior) 1) fundus, 2) body, and 3) pylorus
the inner walls of the stomach have large irregular folds called _____________ rugae
the small intestine is located between the ______________________ of the stomach and the ____________________ of the colon pyloric sphincter and ileocecal valve
the ______________ is the primary site of nutrient absorption small intestine is the primary site of nutrient absorption
name the three sections of the small intestine 1) duodenum, 2) jejunum, and 3) ileum
the ___________________ of the small intestine begins at the pyloric sphincter and is the least coiled of the three sections duodenum is the beginning of the small intestine
the ________________ is the primary site of digestion IN THE SMALL INTESTINE duodenum is the primary site in the small intestine
the _______________________ of the small intestine is located just after the duodenum and is the superior portion of the small intestine jejunum is the most superior portion of the small intestine
the ____________________ is the location of the most nutrient absorption in the small intestine jejunum is the most nutrient absorption portion of the small intestine
the _______________________of the small intestine is the inferior section portion of the coiled section and empties into the colon through the ileocecal valve the ileum portions of the small intestine empties into the colon through the ileocecal valve
name the five sections of the colon (in order of appearance) 1) ascending colon, 2) transverse colon, 3) descending, colon 4) sigmoid colon, and 5) rectum
materials enter the colon (cecum) from small intestine through the __________________ ileocecal valve
the appendix extends off the _____________ cecum
there are three longitudinal layer of smooth muscle in the colon called the ___________________________ teniae coli
the _________________ is located beneath the diaphragm and supported by the falciform ligament the liver is located beneath the diaphragm
the ___________________ separates the liver into the right and left lobes the falciform ligament separates the liver into right and left lobes
where does the hepatic portal system start the capillaries beds in major digestive organs dumping blood into the hepatic portal vein
the hepatic portal vein enters the liver where _____________________ is(are) absorbed toxins and some nutrients
blood leaves the liver via _____________________ the hepatic vein
the accessory organ to the liver which stores bile is the ________________ gall bladder is the accessory organ to the liver
the __________________ usually has a green color the gall bladder usually has a green color
the ________________________ is deep to the stomach and produces digestive enzymes and bicarbonate the pancreas produces digestive enzymes and bicarbonate
the products of the pancreas is dumped into the ____________________ of the small intestine products of pancreas are dumped into the DUODENUM
the pancreatic duct and the ______________________________ both dump their respective products into the duodenum at the same location COMMON BILE DUCT and the pancreatic duct dump into the duodenum in the same location
the union of the pancreatic duct and the common bile duct is called the ______________________- hepatopancreatic ampulla
the _____________________ controls the release of pancreatic juices and bile into the duodenum sphincter of Oddi
_______________________ are largely acellular; consist of mostly enamel and dentin teeth
______________ in the teeth is produced by a layer of cells lining the pulp cavity dentin is produced by layers in the pulp cavity
________________ in the pulp cavity produce dentin odontoblasts produce dentin
the _____________________- cells are involved with taste gustatory cells are involved with taste
________________________ cells are supportive cells but may also function in taste sustentacular cells are supportive but also function in taste
a taste pore is ___________________ an opening of a taste bud into the oral cavity
the epithelium cells that line the intralobular ducts simple cuboidal lines the intralobular ducts
lobes are connected by _______________________ interlobular ducts
Created by: kandriot