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vital signs

medical assistant

TermDefinition
apnea absence or cessation of breating
Arrhythmia an abnormal or irregularity in the heart rhythm
Arteriosclerosis Thickening, decreased elasticity and calcification of arterial walls
Bradycardia Slow heart beat, a pulse below 60 beats per minute
Bradypnea Respirations that are regular in rhytm but slower than in normal rate
Dyspnea Difficult or painful breathing
Febrile Pertaining to elevated body temperature
Hypertension High blood pressure
Hyperventilation Abnormally prolonged and deep breathing usually associated with acute anxiety or emotional
Essential hypertension Elevated blood pressure of unknown cause that develops for no apparent reason, sometimes called primary hypertension
Hypotension Blood pressure that is below normal(systolic pressure 90 mm Hg and diastolic pressure below 50 mm Hg)
orthopnea A condition in which an individual must sit or stand to breathe confortably
Rales Abnormal or crackling breath sounds during inspiration
ronchi Abnormal rumbling sounds on expirationthat indicate airway obstruction by thick secretations or spasms
Secondary hypertension Elevated blood pressure resulting from another condition typically kidney disease
Sinus arrhythmia An irregular heart beat that originates in the sinotriall note( peacemaker)
Spirometer An instrument that measures the volume of air inhaled and exhaled
stertorous A term that describes a strenous respiratory effort marked by snoring sound
syncope fainting: a brief lapse in consciousness
tachycardia A rapid but regular heart beat rate: one that exceeds 100 beats per minute
Tachypnea A condition marked by rapid, swallow respirations
Thready A term describing a pulse that is scarly perceptible
Orthostatic (postural) Hypotension A temporary fall in blood pressure when a person rapidly changes from a recumbent position to a standing position
Factors that may affect body temperature age, stress, physical activity, gender, external factors( smoking,drinking hot or cold fluids, chewing gum)
Body temperature balance between heat lost and heat produce by the body
fever infection , either bacterial or viral
pyrexia A febrile condition or fever
febrile pertaining to an elevated body temperature
vital signs blood pressure, pulse, respiration, temperature
acronomic measurements weight , height, BMI
Continous fever which rises and falls only slightly during 24- hour period
intermitten fever which comes and goes, alternating between elevated and normal levels
Remmiten fever which fluctuates considerably (i.e; by more than 3 degrees) and never returns to normal
FUO fever . of unknown origin over 100.9 F (33.3 C)
temporal pulse located in the temple of skull
carotid artery located between the larynx and the sternocleidomastoid muscle in front of the side of the neck
Apical Heart Rate the heart beat of Apex of the heart, is heard with a Stethoscope ( bradycardia, tachycardia, conditions)
The brachial pulse is felt in the inner (antecubital)aspect of elbow
RADIAL Artery most frequently used site for counting pulse rate. is found on the thumb side of the wrist, 1 inch below base of thumb
Femoral pulse located at the site were the femoral artery passes through the goin
Popliteal pulse found at the back of the leg behind knee
Dorsalis pedis( pedal) artery felt across the arch of the foot
axillary temperature 98.6 F (37 C)
ORAL 98.6F 37C
AXILLARY 97.6F 36.4
TYMPANIC 98.6F 37C
TEMPORAL ARTERY 98.6F 37C
PULSE RANGES 60-100
RESPIRATIONS 14-20
POUNDS TO KG 2.2
KG TO POUNDS 0.45
RATE the pulse rate is measure of the numbers felt from the movement of blood through an artery
RHYTM PULSE RYTHM is the time between pulse beats
Volume (pulse amplitude) reflects the strenght of the heart when contracts
scale for measuring pulse volume 3+ full, bounding pulse pulsation is very string and does not disappear with moderate pressure 2+ Normal pulse Pulsation is easily felt but disappears with moderate pressure 1+ weak, thready pulse is not esaily felt and disappears with slight pressure
Created by: 1355793097935760