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Ch.12 Female Reproductive System

amni/o amnionic sac
cervic/o neck; cervix
colp/o vagina
galact/o milk
gynec/o woman; female
hyster/o uterus
metri/o uterus
uter/o uterus
mamm/o breast
mast/o breast
men/o menses; menstruation
metr/o womb
nat/o birth
oophor/o ovary
perine/o perineum
salping/o tube (fallopian or eustachian)
-arche beginning
-cyesis pregnancy
-gravida pregnant woman
-para to bear offspring
-salpinx tube (fallopian or eustachian)
-tocia chilbirth, labor
-version turning
ante- before, in front of
dys- bad; painful; difficult
endo- in, within
post- after
primi- first
atresia congenital absence or closure of a normal body opening
choriocarcinoma malignant neoplasm of the uterus or at the site of an ectopic pregancy
dyspareunia occurrence of pain during sexual intercourse
endocervicitis inflammation of the mucous lining of the cervix uteri
menstrual disorders abnormal condition in the menstrual cycle; aka dysfunctional uterine bleeding DUB
amenorrhea absence of a menstrual period in a woman of reproductive age
dysmenorrhea cramps or painful menstruation
menorrhagia abnormally heavy, prolonged menstrual period
metrorrhagia irregular uterine bleeding between menstrual periods or after menopause
oligomenorrhea abnormally light or infrequent menstrual periods
premenstrual syndrome PMS; symptoms that occur between ovulation and the onset of menstruation
uterine fibroids benign tumors composed of muscle and fibrous tissue that develop in the uterus; aka leimyomas, myomas or fibroids
abruptio placentae premature separation of the placenta from the uterine wall before the third stage of labor; placental abruption
breech presentation common abnormality of delivery in which the fetal buttocks or feet present first rather than the head
eclampsia most serious form of toxemia during pregnancy
placenta previa obstetric complication in which the placenta is attached close to or covers the cervical canal and that results in bleeding during labor when the cervix dilates
amniocentesis transabdominal puncture of the amniotic sac under ultrasound guidance using a needle
chorionic villus sampling CVS; sampking of placental tissues for prenatal diagnosis of potential genetic defects
colposcopy visual examination of the vagina and cervix with an optical magnifying instrument
cordocentesis diagnostic prenatal test in which a sample of the baby's blood is removed from the umbilical cord for testing; percutaneous umbilical blood sampling
endometrial biopsy removal of a sample or uterine endometrium for microscopic study
insufflation delivery of pressurized air or gas into a cavity to allow visual examination
pelvimetry measurement of pelvic dimensions to determine whether the head of the fetus will be able to pass through the bony pelvis to allow vaginal delivery
hysterosalpingography radiography and usually fluoroscopy of the uterus and uterine tubes following injection of a contrast medium
tranvaginal ultrosonography TVUS; ultrasonography of the pelvic area performed with a probe inserted into the vagina
cerclage suturing of the cervix to prevent it from dilating prematurely during pregnancy, thus decreasing the chance of spontaneous abortion or preterm birth
colpocleisis surgical closure of the vaginal canal
conization excision of a cone-shaped piece of tissue for histological examination
cryosurgery process of freezing tissue to destroy cells
D&C dilation and curettage; widening of the cervical canal with a dilator and scraping of the uterine endometrium with a curette
laparoscopy visual examination of the abdominal cavity with a laproscope through one or more small incisions in the abdominal wall
oxytocics induce labor
prostaglandins terminate pregnancy
Created by: ely0ns
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