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URINARY

Ch. 11 Urinary system

TermDefinition
electrolyte mineral salt of the body that carries an electrical charge, regulates nerve impulses, muscle contraction, hydration and blood pH
filtrate fluid that passes from the blood through the capillary walls of the glomeruli into Bowman capsule
nitrogenous waste product of protein metabolism that includes urea, uric acid, creatine, creatinine, and ammonia
peritoneum serous membrane taht lines the abdominopelvic cavity and covers most of the organs in the cavity
albumin/o albumin, protein
azot/o nitrogenous compounds
cyst/o bladder
vesic/o bladder
glomerul/o glomerulus
kal/i potassium
keton/o ketone bodies
litho/o stone, calculus
meat/o opening, meatus
nephr/o kidney
ren/o kidney
noct/o night
olig/o scanty
py/o pus
pyel/o renal pelvis
ur/o urine, urinary tract
ureter/o ureter
urethr/o urethra
-genesis forming; producing; orign
-iasis abnormal condition
-uria urine
dia- through, across
retro- backward, behind
cystocele prolapsing of the bladder due to weakening of the supporting tissues between the bladder and vagina
ESRD end-stage renal disease; little or o remaining kidney function, requiring the patient to undergo dialysis or kidney transplant for survival
enuresis involuntary discharge of urine; incontinence
fistula abnormal passage from a hollow organ to the surface or from one organ to another
hydronephrosis abnormal dilation of the renal pelvis and teh calyces of one or both kidneys caused by pressure from accumulated urine that cannot flow past an obstruction in the urinary tract
interstitial cystitis IC; chronic inflammation of the bladder wall that is not caused by bacterial infection and is not responsive to conventional antibiotic therapy aka painful bladder syndrome
nephrotic syndrome loss of large amounts of plasma protein, through urine due to an increased permeability of the glomerular membrane
neurogenic bladder impairment of bladder control as a result of brain, spinal cord, or nerve damage
polycystic kidney disease PKD; inherited disease in which cysts develop in the kidneys
pyelonephritis infection of the kidney, usually begins in the urethra or bladder and ascends the ureters to the kidney
vesicoureteral reflux VUR; disorder caused by the failure of urine to pass through the ureters to the bladder, usually caused by impairment of the valve between the ureter and bladder or obstruction in the ureter
Wilms tumor malignant tumor of the kidney that usually occurs in children; aka nephroblastoma
electromyography EMG; measures the contraction of muscles that control urination using electrodes placed in the rectum and urethra
blood urea nitrogen test BUN; determines the amount of nitrogen in the blood that comes from urea
culture and sensitivity test C&S; determines the causative organism of an infection and identifies how the organism responds to various antibiotics
urinalysis UA; urine screening test that includes physical observation, chemical tests and microscopic evaluation
intravenous pyelography IVP; imaging of the urinary tract after IV injection of a contrast medium. aka excretory urography
renal nuclear scan nuclear imaging test using a readioactive tracer injected intravenously to produce images of the kidneys
voiding cystourethrography VCUG; x-ray of teh bladder and urethra performed before, during, and after voiding using a contrast medium to enhance imaging
nephrostomy opening created between the skin and kidney to drain urine through a tube outside the body when the ureters are unable to do so
ureteral stent placement insertion of a thin, narrow tube into the ureter to prevent or treat obstruction of urine flow from the kidney
Created by: ely0ns