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bus law

1.03 Civil law

TermDefinition
Actual Harm victim suffers an injury, has property destroyed or loses a lot of money
Alternative Dispute Resolution occurs when parties try and resolve a disagreement outside of the usual court system
Arbitration giving the power to settle their dispute to a third party
Advantages results in a fair solution because the decision is in the hands of an objective third party
Assult when one person intentionally puts another in reasonable fear of an offensive or harmful bodily contact
Assumption of Risk a defense raised when the plaintiff knew of the risk involved and still took the chance( ASSUMED RISK) of being injured
Battery the harmful or offensive touching of another
Breach when you break, your duty to another person
Causation that breach of duty caused injury
Comparative Negligence a defence that is raised when the carelessness of each party compared to the other party's carelessness
Contributory Neligence a defense whenever the defendant can show that the victim did something that helped cause his or her own injuries
Conversion when property is stolen, destroyed, or used in a manner that is inconsistent with an owners right
Court Injunctions is a court order that prevents a party from performing a specific act and may be temporary of permanent
Damages is a payment recovered in court by a person who has suffered an injury
Defamation a false statement that injures a person reputation or good name
Duty obligation to use a reasonable standard of care to prevent injury
False imprisonment the intentional confinement of a person against the person's will and without the lawful ability to do so
Fraud when there is an intentional misrepresentation of an existing important fact(that is a lie) which causes the victim to give up a right or something or value
Interference with Contracts if a 3rd party encourages a breach in any way, then that 3rd party may be liable in tort
Invasion of Privacy uninvited intrusion into a persons personal relationships and activities
Mediation occurs when parties to a dispute invite a mediator, to help solve the problem
Money Damages damages that are awarded to an injured party and the liable party has to pay
Negligence a tort that is results when one person carelessly injures another, an accidental tort and requires no intent
Proximate Causes when it is reasonably foreseeable that a breach of duty will result in injury
Punitive Damages damages exceeding simple compensation and awarded to punish the defendant
Tort a private wrong committed by one person against another
Trespass to land entry onto the property of another without consent
Vicarious Liability when one person is liable for the torts of another
Created by: Snholene
 

 



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